Srirangapatna is an island fortress town on the banks of river Cauvery. It is located at a distance of 125 km from Bangalore on the Bangalore Mysore highway. It is a place with great religious, cultural and historic significance. There are ancient temples, medieval palaces, exquisitely carved tombs, military warehouses, cenotaphs, natural landscapes and its 3 layer fort wall with bastions which echoes the grandeur of bygone era. The architectural mold of the fort is Indo-Islamic with Persian inscription on the gateway which shows the date of construction. Srirangapatna was the capital of Haider Ali and Tipu Sultan and has witnessed many historic changes every now and then. Haider Ali drove Marathas out from this place when they tried to assault it. The inimitable spirit of valor and grace pervades the nook and corner of this historically grand city.
CONNECTIVITY TO SRIRANGAPATNA:
The nearest railhead to Srirangapatna is Mysore. Mysore is connected to Bangalore which is 140 km away and Bangalore is connected to other major cities in India. The nearest air terminal is the Mysore domestic airport which is 14km away from Srirangapatna and Bangalore is the nearest international airport which is situated140 km from Mysore. KSRTC buses connect Srirangapatna to other cities.
ATTRACTIONS IN SRIRANGAPATNA:
-CAPTAIN BAILEY'S DUNGEON: This is a fort measuring 30. 5 m by 12. 2m and is composed of brick and mortar. On a lifted platform near the wall is the fortresswhere Tipu Sultan's prisoners of war were imprisoned. As one goes underground in the prison one can view the hooks on the walls on to which the prisoners hands werechained. The fortress was named after Colonel Bailey who passed away here in 1780 A. D.
-DARIYA DAULAT BAGH: It is the summer palace of Tipu Sultan made of teak and represents Indo Islamic style of architecture. The majestic monument was built in 1784. The wooden palace is set among groomed lawns and flowerbeds. It has richly carved interiors and extremely picturesque paintings on the walls.
-GUMBAZ: is the burial chamber of Tipu, his father Haider Ali and his mother Fatima Begum. It is built on lifted platform and also includes tombs of other relatives. The Gumbaz has delightful ebony doors and the interior walls are covered by lacquer Tiger strips which happened to be Tipu Sultan's favourite. Masjid e Aksa is a magnificent mosque located in close quarters. The Gumbaz is surrounded by aesthetic gardens which accentuate its beauty.
-SRIRANGAPATNA FORT: The architecture of this Palace is Indo Islamic and the Persian inscription on the entrance gate mentions the date of its construction whichis 1537. The fort has Lal Mahal which was the residential palace of the audacious king Tipu Sultan.
-OBELISK: place where Tipu Sultan breathed his last while trying to stop a British soldier from pulling his legendary sword from his sheath.
-SANGAM: A few minutes walk from Gumbaz is the confluence of the two branches of Cauvery in the east which is a sacred spot for the Hindus.
-ABBE DUBEIS CHURCH: This fabulous church was built by a monk Abbe Dubeis in the beginning of the 19th century.
-NIMISHAMBA TEMPLE: The presiding deity of this temple is Sri Nimishamba, an incarnation of Goddess Parvati and is built on the banks of the river Cauvery. The main attraction of this temple is SRICHAKRA.
-GANGADARESWARA SWAMI TEMPLE: The temple was built under VijayNagar empire in 16th century. The presiding deity is Sri Gangadareswara.
-SRI RANGANATHASWAMY TEMPLE: The presiding deity is Sri Ranganathaswamy and the expression on the face of the Lord is humanly. It is lined withexquisite pillars and within the temple premises the Lord lies on the back of the snake. The Lord is carved out of black stone and there is aphilanthropic smile on his face. During sankranti, 1 lakh diyas are lit and the festival is famously known as Lakhadweepotsava.
-RANGANATHITTU BIRD SANCTUARY: is located near about 5 km from Srirangapatna and is spread over 57 acres. This sanctuary is a small island on the banks of the river Kaveri. This sanctuary is a nesting place for all kinds of birds and one can see herons, egrets, white ibis, open billed stork etc.
-JAMA MASJID: is the favourite mosque of Tipu Sultan. It is painted white and has a small dome. It also has predominant towers. The Masjid was builtby Tipu Sultan and is a two storeyed building with two minarets.
-SRI NARASIMHA SWAMI TEMPLE: This temple was built by Kanteerava Narasaraka Wodeyar in 17th century. It is second biggest temple in Srirangapatna.