Thanjavur is a city which was brought into existence during the reign of Chola rulers and it gained immense popularitybetween 11th and 14th centuries. Thanjavur is popularly termed as Tanjavur and as per legends is named after Tanjan who was an asura rulerslained by Lord Vishnu and Sri Anandavalli Amman for destroying the vicinity areas and his last wish was granted that the city be named after him. CONNECTIVITY TO THANJAVUR:
The Chola kings encouraged learning and culture in this area. The city is extremely popular for antiques and handicrafts. Thanjavur is also nicknamed as the 'Rice Bowl of South India' as it lies in the Cauvery delta region which is consideredhighly fertile. Rice is one of the most significant crops here.
Thanjavur is famous for handloom silk sarees, cotton sarees and above all Tanjore paintings which are renowned on aninternational level. Thanjavur being a coastal district fishing is one of the major occupations here and the city accounts for5 percent of the total catches in the state of Tamil Nadu.
Tanjore is also well known in the field of performing arts as well as Carnatic music and musical instruments made from jackwood. Tanjore is popular for housing large number of temples including Navagraha temples.
The nearest rail head is Trichy Junction which is at a distance of 58 km from Thanjavur. The nearest airport is Trichy International Airport which is 58 km from Thanjavur. Tamil Nadu Road Transport Corporation connectsThanjavur with other major cities in Karnataka. Regular buses ply to and from Trichy and Madurai to Thanjavur.
ATTRACTIONS IN THANJAVUR:
VIJAYNAGAR FORT: located in the north east direction of the Brahadeeswara or the Big Temple and situated at a distanceof 2km from it. The fort was partially built by Nayaks and partially by Maratha rulers during the 1550 AD. The distinctivefeatures inside the fort include the Thanjore Palace, Sangeetha Mahal and Saraswari Mahal Library. There is an exquisite art gallery with a wide variety of sculptures and paintings.
The fort was meant for defense against enemies by the Nayak king Vijay Raghav. There is an aesthetic garden calledSiva Ganga garden which is placed inside the fort. Some of the parts of the fort are open to general public and someare in ruins.
SIVA GANGA GARDEN: is a park located near the Thanjore Palace and is in the north of Brahadeshwara or the Big Temple. The garden comprises of various flowering and non flowering plants, different types of birds as well as animals.
The garden is tucked away in the quadrangular Siva Ganga fort that was xonstructed by Sevappa Nayaka in the 16th century. A square tank located in the garden provides water to the Thanjore Palace.
AALANGUDI TEMPLE: is the abode of LOrd Guru and Lord Shiva consumed the deadly poison Alavisham here as per legends. The deity faces South as he is the Lord of Dhanusa and Meena Rasi. The offerings include white jasmine flowers, Bengal gram and jageery rice. The important festivals celebrated here are Guru Payirchi, Chitra Pournami, Tai Poosam and Panguni Utharam.
BRAHADESHWARA TEMPLE: was built by Raja Raja Chola. The temple exhibits architectural splendour and is one of the chief attractions out here. The temple is protected by deep trenches filled with water on two sides and the Grand Anaicut Riveron the other side. The temple has 216 feet tall tower over the inner shrine.
CHANDRA BHAGWAN TEMPLE: is a Navagraha Temple situated 25km towards the north of Thanjavur and is often visited by peopleunder the bad effects of Chandra in their horoscope.
LORD MURUGAN TEMPLE: is situated about 5km to the west of Kumbakonam and is on the banks of the Cauvery's tributary. The important festivals are Kiruthikai festival, Temple car festival, Tai Pusam, Navarathri as well as Skanda Shasthi festival.
SHANI BHAGWAN TEMPLE: is situated at 52 km away from Kumbakonam.
SHWARTZ CHURCH: is located in the Thanjavur Palace garden and was built by Chola king Raja Serfoji in 1779 AD in honourof Christian missionary Reverand Frederick Christian Schwartz.
THIRUMANANJERI TEMPLE: is at a distance of 3km to the west of Kuthalam, a small town in the district of Thanjavur. It is believed that the wedding of Lord shiva and Uma Maheshwari took place here.
THIRUNAGESHWARAM TEMPLE: The King of the Nagas called Raaghu worshipped Lord Shiva at a place near Kumbakonam hence the name of Thirunageshwaram. The main abhishekam iin this temple is milk abhishekam.
THIRUVANAJOZHI TEMPLE: is important from pilgrimage and tourist point of view owing to its aesthetic grandeur and islocated on the outskirts of Thanjavur.