Bharatpur famously known as the 'Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan', was established by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1733 AD, it was once an unassailable well fortified city, carved out of the region that was earlier known as Mewat. The legendary place of Bharatpur is coined after the name of Bharat, the brother of Lord Rama, whose other brother Laxman was worshipped as the family deity of the Bharatpur. According to the historic inscriptions, the ruler Laxman's name is engraved on the state arms and the seals.
Bharatpur is also popularly called Lohagarh. As far as location is concerned , it is bound on the north side by Gurgaon district of Haryana, on the east by Mathura and Agra districts of Uttar Pradesh, on the south by Dholpur and Karauli, on the southern west by Jaipur and on the west by Alwar, all in Rajasthan. There is a forest called 'GHANA' implying dense forest within a distance of about 5 Km. from District Head Quarter which remains green during the rainy season. Bharatpur Ghana's plan was prepared in 1896 by the State Engineer for driving and confining the wild cattle in the dense forest with 250 species of migratory birds during the monsoon season and 'winter' season, which is acclaimed all over India and world for being a bird sanctuary of international fame.
Places To SeeLohagarh
Lohagarh is an early-18th-century Iron Fort, named so because of its resilient defenses. Though, in a state of decay, it still reflects the grandeur of a bygone era. The spikes of the main gate are made out of eight different metals. You can also browse through the decayed palaces within. Ganga Temple
This exquisite red sandstone structure was constructed in 1845 during the rule of Maharaja Balwant Singh. The temple is dedicated to Goddess Ganga. The Government Museum
Located in the Iron Fort, the museum displays an interesting collection of the historic wealth of Bharatpur. Also on display are compilations of coins, inscriptions, ancient sculptures, art objects and arms and weaponry. Bharatpur Palace
The palace showcases an impressive blend of Mughal and the Rajput architectural styles. The chambers within have intricately designed floor tiles. There is also a museum within the palace with relics of the 2nd century AD.
Things To DoKeoladeo Bird Sanctuary
Also known as Ghana National Park or Bharatpur National Park, the sanctuary is a UNESCO World Heritage Site developed by Maharaja Bharatpur. The sanctuary is home to a wide variety of resident birds. The best time to visit is during the monsoon months when the birds come out and turn the park in a spectacular display of color. During the winter months, you can also see the migratory birds. The best time for bird watching is early mornings or late evenings. Tip
: You can hire a driver and guide to take you through the sanctuary. You can also hire a tonga or simply cycle through the length of the park.