Amritsar historically also known as Rāmdāspur is a city in the north-western part of India. It is the spiritual center for the Sikh religion and the administrative headquarters of the Amritsar district in the state of Punjab.
It is home to the Harmandir Sahib (referred to as the "Golden Temple" in the western media), the spiritual and cultural center for the Sikh religion.
CONNECTIVITY TO AMRITSAR:
By air: Amritsar's international airport, Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport, has more than 160 domestic and international flights during the week with daily
connections to Delhi, Chandigarh Srinagar, and Jammu in India and international flights to London Heathrow, Doha, Ashgabat, Tashkent, Dubai and Toronto.
By road: Amritsar is located on the historic Grand Trunk Road (G. T Road), also known as National Highway 1, and therefore very well connected to the road network.
Private and public bus services ply to and from Ambala, Patiala, Delhi, Chandigarh and Jammu.
By train: Amritsar is well connected by rail to almost all major cities in India such as Ahmedabad, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode, Indore, Bhopal, Agra, Gwalior, Jammu, Jabalpur, Nanded, Ujjain, Chandigarh, Lucknow etc.
This place is famed for its most notorious massacre under British rule. It is situated 400 meters north of the Golden Temple. The British General Dyer happened to be the Lieutenant Governor of the province in 1919. He had banned all meetings, processions and demonstrations led by Indians against the economical failure resulting from World War I. On 13 April 1919, pilgrims poured into Amritsar to celebrate the Baisakhi festival, a holiday in the Sikh calendar. In the afternoon thousands of people gathered at Jallian Wala Bagh to celebrate the Baisakhi. This ground surrounded by high walls on all sides has only a narrow alley for access. General Dyer personally led the troops to the sight and ordered his men to open fire indiscriminately without any prior warning. Consequently it resulted in the death of 379 and injured more than 1200. The whole nation was outraged by Dyer´s massacre. Gandhiji, called for a nation wide strike and started the Non-cooperation Movement, which became an important mile stone in the struggle for India´s Independence. Today this ground has been transformed to a park and it has a pleasant garden. There is a narrow path between the houses which leads to the lawn of the park. At the entrance there is a memorial plaque which recounts the history. There is a well on the north side in which many people who tried to escape from the bullets were drowned, and remnants of walls have been preserved to show the bullet holes. Situated at the east end of the garden is a large memorial built in memory of those who died here.
-Ram Bagh: This beautiful garden is named as a tribute to Guru Ram Das, the founder of the city.
-Summer Palace of Maharaja Ranjit Singh: is situated in the middle of a beautiful garden called Rambagh.
- Mosque at Fatehabad : Situated at a distance of 40 kms, the walls of this mosque are decorated with beautiful floral motifs.
- Khalsa College & Guru Nanak Dev University : Khalsa College was founded in 1892 and built on grand scale in typical Sikh architecture.
- Tarn Taran : 24 kilometres south, is Tarn-Taran-a town founded by Sri Guru Arjan Dev in 1590.
- Goindwal: place where Guru Amar Das established a new centre for preaching Sikhism.
- Khadur Sahab: 32 km south east of the city and close to Goindwal.
- Ram Tirath: 16 Kilometres west on Choganwan road is Ram Tirath, commemorating Maharishi Balmik Ji´s heritage
- Harike Wetland : The lake formed at the point of confluence of rivers Beas and Sutlej at Harika ford, situated mid way between Amritsar and Ferozepur was declared a national wildlife sanctuary in 1982. It is a welcome winter home to about 350 odd species of birds from far flung lands of China, Siberia, Afghanistan and Pakistan
- Durgiana Temple : Situated outside the Lohgarh Gate it is built after the design of the Golden Temple and attracts sages and scholars in Hindu scriptures from all over the country
- Wagha Border : The international border between India and Pakistan. The pomp and pageantry of the Beating Retreat and the Change of Guard within handshaking distance
of the Indian and Pakistani forces makes for a most charming and delightful spectacle.
Amritsar is a land of mystical fervour and unique natural beauty which pervades in every nook and corner of this city.