The country of Montenegro has a very varied terrain that ranges from high mountains to wide plains. Along the country’s borders with Kosovo and Albania are the high mountains while the region west of the Balkan Peninsula is the stretch of plains. The mountains are all covered with lush green forests. As this is untouched territory, the Montenegro wildlife has found itself a very favorable condition to grow and prosper. On a safari in these forests, it is not very difficult to come across a friendly group of deer or martens. Here is a list of the interesting Montenegro wildlife you will come across when you visit this place. Have a look!
11 Specimens Of Montenegro Wildlife
A large variety of wildlife can be seen in these temperate forests. A recent survey was done in these forests to get an idea about the species existing in the forest. Here is a list of a few.
There are two species of deer found here. The red and fallow. Red deer is the largest one to be found here. Deers are common in the Caucasus Mountains of Europe. Other than Montenegro, this species is found in, Asia Minor, Iran, western and central parts of Asia. The males generally weigh up to 300kg. Fallow deer have very beautiful rounded and forked horns. The horns are found on males only. The females do not have any horns. This species of deer is much smaller than the Red Deer.
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This is yet another type of deer that are found here. Roebuck is a very common species of deer quite abundantly found in Central Europe and Asia. Theseisecies are smaller in size compared to the previous two species of deer. They, however, have very supple bodies. The deer species generally reach a height of 1.1m. They have short horns and a red body. The movie Bambi has been inspired by this species of deer.
This species of animal can be as tall as 80 cm, among the males and weigh close to 45 kg. This animal is quite small in size. The female of this species is even smaller and lighter. Among other Montenegro animals, the wolves are its worst enemies. The Eagles generally pose a threat for the young.
This species of sheep are found in the high mountain regions. They are very good climbers. They have red or brown fur covering their bodies. The fur also has stripes on them. The special feature is the horns, which form nearly full circles. People who live in the mountains, use this breed of sheep for both livestock and cattle.
5. Balkan lynx
The Balkan lynx is native to this area and is specifically found here. This is however now marked endangered among the Montenegro animals and has become a symbol of nature protection in the western part of the Balkans. These animals are most active in the night. Montenegro and the surrounding countries together have around 40 to 50 lynx roaming around their forests. These animals hunt like every other cat – by sneaking in an ambush. Having jumped its prey the lynx catches up to it in a short run and then kills it with its teeth and claws. The lynx can see six times better than humans which make it an excellent hunter.
6. Brown bear
This is hands down the most dangerous animal in Europe and stands at the top of the food chain. These bears in Bosnia and Montenegro have a very strong body and very sharp claws. They can weigh up to 400 kg. although there are many bears that weigh around 200 kg. They terrorize every species that come on its way. The bears are omnivorous. Plants make a good portion of its diet.
This animal can easily adapt itself to its surroundings. As a result, it can be found all over the world. These animals always roam about in packs and hunt together. They mainly kill herbivorous animals. They commonly hunt the deer, rodents or wild boars. They also commonly consume small mammals, birds, rabbits, deer, and chamois. Apart from the meat, they may also eat small incests and wild berries. They are extremely smart creatures and can be easily found in large groups that hunt together.
8. Aesculapian snake
Most people cringe at the thought of reptiles, mostly snakes but they too form an essential part of the forest and here are the few common ones that are found in this relaxing environment of the forest. The Aesculapian snake is a non-venomous snake that is quite large in size. The size of the snake generally instills the fear. But one does not have to be afraid of it as it is more likely that he would run away from you than you are of him.
9. Vipera ammodytes
This is the most venomous snake of the European forests. It has two tiny horns at the top of its head. The color is a little variable but all the snakes have these black or brown zig zag stripe across the back. It is the identification mark for this snake. If you encounter this snake then you need to be very careful. It can eat anything ranging from small insects to animals like rabbits and chicken. The venom is so powerful that it is considered to be of highest medical importance in all of central Europe.
10. Fire salamander
This is the most popular salamander species all over Europe. Yellow is the most dominant color in these salamanders. Some salamanders are black as well. People from around the globe, come to Montenegro to get a glimpse of this animal, however, this popularity has to lead to the fire salamander remain in protected zones only.
Birds are found in abundance in the European forests. The Montenegro birds are mostly birds of prey. The species of birds range from small falcons to large eagles. It is not uncommon that you will come across a peregrine falcon, a hawk or a golden eagle. These beautiful birds are the major contenders at the top of the food chain. Among the night birds, various species of owls are found here. You will also see scops at night. The larger predatory birds are found in the plains or along the exposed rocks of the mountains. The night birds live in the canopy forests of Montenegro. These Montenegro birds draw a large portion of the crowds to the safari tours through the forests.
As the country does not have a large population so the major portion of the nature in Montenegro is untouched. The beauty of the temperate forests of the country is enhanced by Montenegro wildlife. The presence of these untamed animals enhances the beauty of the forests. It is important to remember that when you take the safari tours, do not bother the peace and tranquility of these animals. It is best to watch from afar. So, when are you planning your trip to Europe to see the wildlife in action?
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