Mahakaleshwar Temple Ujjain is one of the most popular Hindu temples. It is located by the Rudra Sagar Lake in the Ujjain district of Madhya Pradesh. The important pilgrim center of Hindu religion is counted among the most important 18 Maha Shakti Peethas. A soul-stirring and mystical vacation await you at this pristine temple and if you are seeking solace then you this is the place to be at!
About The Mahakaleshwar Temple In Ujjain
The Ujjain Mahakaleshwar Temple is one of the twelve Jyotirlingams of Lord Shiva. The chief god of the temple – Lord Shiva – is assumed to be in the form of Swayambhu, stemming streams of power or Shakti from within. The upper lip of Devi Sati is also believed to have fallen in the Mahakaleshwar Mandir.
Ujjain Mahakaleshwar Temple Timings
- Timings Of Mahakaleshwar Temple Ujjain: 3 am – 11 pm
- Don’t Miss: Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga bhasma aarti at 4 am; daily
History Of Mahakaleshwar Temple Ujjain
The history of Mahakaleshwar Temple Ujjain is very interesting & engrossing. It is believed that, long ago, the city of Ujjain was ruled by King Chandrasen. The king was an avid devotee of Lord Shiva. A young fellow – Shrikhar – was highly motivated by his devotion and desired to be a part of his prayers. Unfortunately, he was rejected by royal cavalry.
Incidentally, some neighbouring rulers were planning then to attack Ujjain. Shrikhar and the local priest – Vridhi – heard about it and started praying relentlessly. Lord Shiva heard their prayers and decided to forever safeguard this city as a lingam. Thereafter, the ruling king and his successors raised the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple.
The Ujjain Mahakal Temple suffered many attacks over time and was destroyed & demolished. However, the Scindia clan took over the responsibility of its restoration in the 19th century.
The Legend Of Mahakaleshwar
Disclaimer: The image is for representation purposes only.
Lord Shiva is the main deity that is worshipped in the Mahakaleshwar temple and is also known as Maheshwara. Brahma, Vishnu, and Maheshwara form the trinity of Hinduism and Lord Shiva is referred to as Maheshwara in it. The word Mahakaleshwar means the Lord Of Time and according to Hinduism Lord Shiva is the God of Time. Lord Shiva is also known as Mahakal. The locals believe in two legends related to Lord Shiva being referred to as Mahakaleshwar.
One of these legends states that when Daksha, the father of Sati objected to her marriage with Lord Shiva, she walked into the fire. After hearing about it, Lord Shiva got furious and performed the Dance of Death or Tandava and so he was entitled with the name Mahakal or Mahakaleshwar and he was also called the God ahead of time. According to the other legend when the demon, Dushan hurt the devotees of Shiva, he was angry and broke earth into two halves, and then he was called Mahakaleshwar.
Architecture Of Mahakaleshwar Temple
The temple architecture – a seamless blend of Bhumija, Maratha, & Chalukya styles – is another important key attraction of the temple. The idol of Omkareshwar Mahadev, the images of Ganesh, Parvati, Lord Rama, Avantika, & Karttikeya, and the sikhara are also worth seeing. This stunning temple has five levels and is built near a lake. The walls of this magnificent temple have eulogies praising Lord Shiva inscribed on them. Each level is dedicated to different God and here is the description of it.
- Ground Floor: The idol of Mahakaleshwar is situated on the ground floor and is facing the South direction so it is called Dakshinmukhi.
- Other Floors: The lingam of Nagachandresvara is placed on the uppermost floor and is only opened for Darshan on Nag Panchami. On the second floor, the Lingam of Omkaresvara was built. Koti Tirtha or a large Kunda was also made in the compound. The idols of Ganesha, Kartikeya, and Parvati are also located near Koti Tirtha. The silver-plate that covers the idols of Ganesha, Kartikeya and Parvati add to the charm of this temple.
Suggested Read: 10 Best Things To Do In Ujjain: Rejuvenate In The Spiritual City
Bhasma Aarti At Mahakaleshwar Temple
One of the major attractions of Mahakaleshwar Mandir is the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Bhasma aarti, which happens daily at 4 am. The divine ceremony includes worshipping the idol with holy ash brought from the ghats and applied with sacred chants. Visiting the Mahakaleshwar temple and not attending the Bhasma Aarti is not good according to the locals and so you must attend it for witnessing this grand ceremony. Mahakaleshwar Temple is the only Jyotirlinga temple where this aarti is performed. You can easily book the tickets for attending this aarti from its official website.
Disclaimer: The image is for representation purposes only.
At Mahakaleshwar Temple, festivals are celebrated grandly and a lot of tourists plan their visit at that time. The two main festivals that are celebrated at this temple are Nitya Yatra and Sawari. The celebrations of these temples include:
- Nitya Yatra: On this festival, the main Yatri takes a bath in holy Sipra and then visits the idols of goddess Mahakalesvara, Harasiddhi, Nagachandresvara, goddess Avantika, Kotesvara, and Agastyesvara for seeking blessings.
- Sawari: The sacred procession passes through the streets of Ujjain every Monday. This procession is dedicated to Lord Shiva and the one which is organized on the fortnight of Bhadrapada is celebrated with great excitement and zeal.
How To Reach Ujjain
To attend the Bhasma Aarti in Ujjain, you must plan your visit soon. Here are the ways by which you can reach the temple!
By air: Raja Bhoj Airport (BHO) at Bhopal, 172 km away from Ujjain, is the nearest airport. It is connected with cities like Delhi and Mumbai.
By train: The city has its own railhead. One can get direct trains from prominent cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Varanasi, Nagpur, Patna, Bangalore, and Hyderabad.
Here are a few tips that you should go through before visiting the Mahakaleshwar Temple. Take note to make the most out of your vacation.
- Try staying at the temple or book a hotel nearby so that you attend the eminent Bhasma Aarti
- For attending the Aarti do make your bookings beforehand
- Do carry your photo-ID Proof. Pan cards are not accepted
- Wear decent clothes and try covering your head while the aarti takes place
The Mahakaleshwar Temple Ujjain is truly a must-visit among the tourist places of Madhya Pradesh. So, wait no more. Plan a visit to Ujjain for a divine experience. Do let us know in the comment section below about your visit to this stunnig temple!
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Frequently Asked Questions About Mahakaleshwar Temple In Ujjain
A. According to Hindu mythology, the Mahakaleshwar temple in Ujjain is built by Lord Brahma. However, the temple structure suggests that the temple was built midway through the 18th century in Bhumija, Chalukya, and Maratha styles of architecture.
A. The nearest airport to Mahakaleshwar temple is located in Indore which is 51 km away. And the nearest railway station is located in Ujjain which is 1 km from the temple.
A. The best months to visit Mahakaleshwar temple in Ujjain is from October through March.
A. Mahakal darshan in Mahakaleshwar temple in Ujjain usually takes 30 minutes to 1 hour.
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