Angkor Thom in Siem Reap, Cambodia
Visit the glorious city of Angkor Thom and have the time of your life
Rated 4.50/5 ( based on 206 reviews )
Best time to visit
Nov - Apr
About Angkor Thom in Siem Reap
Angkor Thom, literally refers to "Great City", is a famous tourist attraction located in present-day Cambodia. Angkor Thom in Siem Reap was established by King Jayavarman in the late twelfth century. The entire place covers an area of 9 square km, and comprises of several monuments built during the early eras as well as those by Jayavarman and his successors.
Angkor Thom was the last capital of the Khmer Empire and presently is a site of historical and cultural importance for the country of Cambodia and the World. The ‘Great City’ was established by King Jayavarman VII and houses a number of great monuments representative of the Khmer empire established by the predecessors, successors and Jayavarman VII himself alike. At the center of the city is the Bayon temple, the state temple of Jayavarman VII much like how the Angkor Wat was the state temple of Suryavarman. The whole city covers an area of 9 square kilometers. The city has a dedicated victory square around which several monuments, sites, and structures are placed.
History Of Angkor Thom
Angkor Thom in Siem Reap was established by King Jayavarman VII who is considered to be one of the most important rulers of the Khmer Empire. It is dedicated to the Hindu god Lord Vishnu. According to a number of scholars, Angkor Wat is believed to be not only a temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu but also intended to serve as the king’s mausoleum.
Angkor Thom was the capital of the Khmer Empire until its decline. It was only in the 16th century that the site was completely abandoned. In the present date, Angkor Thom stands as par with other temples built in the World Heritage Site Angkor Park. The royal palace incorporated the previous state temples of Baphuon and Phimeanakas, and the city itself overlapped the old capital of Yasodharapura dating 3 centuries before the Angkor Thom itself. The city was called Yasodharapura until the 16th century, and the same can be found in the scriptures. After the Khmers were defeated by King Borommarachathirat II, the capital of the empire was shifted, and Angkor Thom was abandoned. All the entrances to the city are marked by face towers accompanied by a naga carrying giant figures.
Architecture of Angkor Thom
An 8 m high and a 12 km long wall surrounds the city of Angkor Thom. There are five gates out of which two are present in the eastern wall. At some of the entrances, you will the gates lined with statues of gods, and demons holding nagas. The gates themselves are decorated with the face of Avalokiteshvara. A 100m wide moat also encircles the gate. In the centre, Bayon is situated, Baphuon slightly to the west, and some of the smaller temples towards north. Terrace of Elephants and Terrace of the Leper King are found towards the north of Bayon.
Bayon is the center-piece of Angkor Thom in Siem Reap which looks as spooky as mesmerizing it can be. Once you enter Bayon, you find that it is constructed around 54 towers, with 216 smiling faces of Avalokiteshvara seemingly looking down at you.
Baphuon is located towards the west of Bayon, at a distance of 200 m. It looks like a pyramidal representation of Mount Meru, which at that time was one of the most impressive temples of the Angkor temples.
Terrace of the Elephants
A 350-metre long terrace, Terrace of the Elephants was originally constructed to be used as a platform from which King Jayavarman VII overlooked his victorious army returning here. Sculptures of lions and garudas adorn the stairs to the terrace while life-sized images of elephants and their guardians can be seen on the walls of the terrace.
Terrace of the Leper King
It is a 7-metre high platform which is located towards the north of the Terrace of Elephants. At the top, you will find a nude statue. While some people believe that it stands for one of two possible Angkorian Kings who had leprosy, others believe it represents the God of Death.
It is one of the most lovely temples in the Angkor Thom complex. Preah Palilay is found in the north-west corner of the site. It is a famous spot for photography among tourists.
It is one of the most interesting structures here which was originally used as a house to Royal Palace. Enjoy stellar views of the surrounding area on reaching the top of its pyramidal structure.
Facts About Angkor Thom
Entire area of the site of Angkor Thom is 10 sq km in size.
If you count it, you will find that there are 216 faces on the Bayon temple.
One of the world’s largest jigsaw puzzles is Baphuon temple in Angkor Thom. It earned the accolade when records from the carefully mapped pieces had been taken away during the Khmer Rouge destruction.
Apart from Ta Prohm, the east gate of Angkor Thom can also be seen in Tomb Raider movie.
Originally, wooden gates would have been used as the gates for Angkor Thom.
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Vivid Vietnam and Cambodia Family Package
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Enchanting Phnom Penh Siem Reap Cambodia Honeymoon
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Places To Visit In Siem Reap
Let the experts guide you to the best of this mesmerizing destinationView All
Angkor Thom In Siem Reap
Angkor Thom, literally refers to "Great City", is a famous tourist attraction located in present-day Cambodia. Angkor Thom in Siem Reap was established by King Jayavarman in the late twelfth century. The entire place covers an area of 9 square km, and comprises of several monuments built during the early eras as well as tho...
- Angkor Thom
Beng Mealea In Siem Reap
Located 40 km east of the Angkor group of temples and 77 km from the city of Siem Reap, the Beng Mealea is also a Hindu temple built by Suryavarman II in the early 12th century. The temple is built from sandstones and has Buddhist motifs carved on its walls in a few places. The World Heritage Site has a largely unknown hist...
Preah Khan Temple In Siem Reap
The temple of Preah Khan was built by King Jayavarman VII to honor his father and is located North-West of the Angkor Thom. The temple houses a number of cravings related to the Hindu mythology and Buddhist motifs are also present. The temple has been left largely unrestored, and nature has reclaimed most of the structures ...
Neak Pean Temple In Siem Reap
Neak Pean Temple is a vintage throwback to how ancient Khmer healthcare looked like. Now the island temple looks like isolated remains of the olden days, but it was created keeping in mind extensive mythical references. Neak Pean Temple in Siem Reap is one of the many attractions in the Angkor Archaeological Park. Although ...
Bayon Temple In Siem Reap
Bayon Temple, known for its daunting, awe-inspiring series of smiling faces all around its uppermost tier, is the flagship construction of the ancient Khmer capital Angkor Thom. The temple sits right in the middle of the fortified city, though it took years for the historians to discover that fact owing to the dense outgrow...
Things To Do In Siem Reap
Your list of the best things to do, compiled on the basis of actual traveler experiencesView All
Hot Air Balloon In Siem Reap
The temples of Angkor look fascinating from the ground. Imagine how strikingly imperial it might look from up above in the sky. Hot air balloon Cambodia allows the visitors of Angkor to catch a glimpse of the majestic architectures from the elevated vantage point. This would be a lifetime experience and not something one ca...
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River Cruise In Siem Reap
Siem Reap river cruise is one of the best alternatives of going around Cambodia. Usually, most people take the roadway to travel from one part to another and have their whole Siem Reap experience. But the water cruises undeniably add an edge to the entire thing. There are many different Siem Reap river tours as offered by t...
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Prek Toal Bird Sanctuary
There is a reason why the Prek Toal bird sanctuary within the Tonle Sap Lake Biosphere is called the most important breeding ground in South-East Asia for large water birds. Tonle Sap has three distinct ecological spheres within its vast expanse. Among them, Prek toal with its 31,280 hectares area of lowlands and swamps is ...
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Authentic Traveler Reviews
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Debajit's 7 days trip to Siem ReapHad an awesome trip...Thanks to Lvp Travel Coltd for making my trip to Vietnam such memorable.
Sunipa's 4 days trip to Siem ReapWe had an awesome time in Cambodia with Travel Triangle and the sokhortey travel and tours Co Ltd. Mr. Vilai (the person in charge ) helped us a lot during our stay at Cambodia. Our Driver and specially our tour guide Mr. Corn are superb!!! We enjoyed a lot!! And also I wanted to thank Shubham ,the Co ordinator of our trip. Big thank you to the team you guys make our travel memorable. Thank you!!! Angkor Wat indeed!! The whole stay at Siem Reap.. I absolutely loved that place.
Yashodhan's 11 days trip to Siem ReapThe trip was very well organised. There were a few hiccups though. The Da Nang Red-Shanked Doucs monkey trip was a shambles. The jeeps made such a noise that the monkeys must have fled deep inside on hearing the sound! I had lugged my 100-400 telephoto all the way to be able to take a shot of these monkeys. The person conducting the trip was in a hurry of completing the trip. Apart from this deep disappointment, the rest of the trip was well executed. We needed a change of guides in Siam Reap which was done immediately. The Halong Bay cruise was supposed to be a 5* cruise but we did not experience it that way. The vehicles picked us on time and the crew appeared to put in extra effort to make us comfortable. All in all a good trip save for the couple of hiccups I mentioned. I would definitely travel again with Eric if he fixes these few lacunae.
Benedict's 9 days trip to Siem ReapJasmine & Rakhi was an amazing co-ordinaries.. Jasmine took extra care for us in Vietnam Halong bay
Priyaa's 7 days trip to Siem ReapHassle free and comfortable trip . We just had to enjoy .... We have only pleasant memories for life . Worth going with travel triangle n k York travels
Manvir's 8 days trip to Siem ReapHa long Bay cruise could have been better as the images shared and the cruise booked was a completely different one.Food was not that great with limited options when one has to stay for 2 nights as they serve same menu for the next night also,even after repeatedly telling to serve something different. Breakfast too was not that good. Next Ba Nah Hills trip could have been better as time spent there was too less to walk around the place. Time given was completely different from the itinerary provided. Definitely the 2 good locations of north Vietnam which are worth spending time and should be planned well.
Safala Prasad Mahadik
Safala's 8 days trip to Siem ReapPunctual Service. Polite people. Beautiful Country. Polite people. Halong Bay was hands down the best part.
Lyeana's 6 days trip to Siem ReapThank you Hannah & Shubham for all the planning that went into this trip. Both were very prompt with messages and calls.. The drivers on the trip were very punctual always came in 15 mins before the given time which was really good as we didnt have to wait or call anyone. The package itself was very good. We changed it so many times but both Hannah and Shubham were very patient. All in all we had a very good trip. So thank you!
Chinmay's 15 days trip to Siem ReapWell my testimonial matters the most because i am a hardcore critic when it comes to services. I was very skeptical while dealing with LVP Travels since i had read so many kinds of reviews online during my research and finalization. During my process of planning, i got lot of help from Jenny and she was very kind and happy to help. When i finally decided to go ahead with Jenny's company, i still had my doubts if the services will be delivered accurately without any hiccups. But I would say, Jenny did a commendable job in arrangement of the tour. She was in touch all through and wherever there were challenges she found out the way to deal with those to make my tour a memorable one. Just to mention, i had lots of discussions, agreements, disagreements with Jenny, but in the end the service was nice. Jenny you have earned this testimonial. Looking forward for more such associations.
Jaydeep's 2 days trip to Siem ReapIt was an awesome experience! All arrangements were as per itinerary promised. All pickups and activities were on dot time as mentioned. Henry, travel associate from S VIet was in constant touch and always available for any additional information or help. We were in good hands and good care was taken. Must say impressed and delighted with flawless planning. 10 on 10 for activities and accommodation, travel arrangements. I strongly recommend, if you are travelling Vietnam it has to be Travel Traingle and S VIet (Now Realistic Asia). I will definitely give first preference for my future holidays.
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FAQ's of Siem Reap
Read on to find out why our customers love us!
The last temple to be constructed in the city was ‘Mangalavartha.’
The city is built on the western bank of the Siem Reap River.
About 150,000 people lived in the city of Angkor Thom.
The five stone towers of Angkor Wat represent the five mountain ranges of Mt. Meru, which is the mythical home of the gods, for both Hindus and Buddhists.
Angkor Wat is believed to be built to represent the king’s devotion to Lord Vishnu of Hindu mythology. It is believed that the temple was built as a palace of Vishnu.
It is suggested to wear long pants (covering the knee) and shirts covering the shoulders. Skirts, shorts, tank tops, and other items of revealing clothing not permissible within the temple premise of the temple grounds.
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