Sacre-Coeur in Paris
A serene church to give your trip a religious spin
Rated 3.5/5 (based on 10 reviews )
About Sacre-Coeur in Paris
Sacre Coeur in Paris is a famous landmark, situated at the pinnacle of the famous butte Montmartre, which is the highest point after the Eiffel Tower in Paris. It is a mini Roman Catholic Church also famous by names like Sacre Coeur Basilica or the Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Paris. It is dedicated to both the sacred heart of Lord Jesus Christ and to the nationalist martyrs, who lost their lives in the Franco-Russian war.
History of Sacre Coeur
Sacre Coeur is one of the few churches built in Paris as a dedication to the martyrs, who were victimised by communalists. Its inspiration dates back to 1870, when the third republic was announced in the face of defeat of France in Franco-Russian war and the then communal war that began with the French revolution. Arch Bishop of Paris Guibert, in 1872 sensed martyr souls amid the clouds atop the hill of Montmartre, which led to the building of Basilica, a place where the sacred souls rested.
While the first stone was laid in 1875, the construction saw good and bad days and was finally completed in 1914 though it was consecrated on 16th October 1919 only post the end of the dreaded World War I. The church was honoured as ‘Basilica’ post its consecration.
Remarkable Architecture of Sacre Coeur
The design of Sacre Coeur is credited to designer Paul Abadie. The overall architecture of the Basilica is inspired by the ancient Romano-Byzantine architectures and takes inspiration from churches like San Marco from Venice and Saint Sofia from Constantinople.
Sacre Coeur Facts
Resting on the apex of the hill of Montmarte, Sacre Coeur is 85m long and 35m in width. It has an inner dome, which are 55m in height and 16 in dimensions and 83 metres high outer dome. Base pillars were made to not only support but also prevent Sacre Coeur from sinking in the soil.
Stone of ‘Château-Landon’
There is a travertine stone at the exterior of Sacre Coeur Montmarte, which is called ‘Château-Landon’. While being very hard, the stone exudes calcite on its contact with the rainwater, thus making it white more. It was brought from a quarry named Souppes-sur-Loing near the Seine.
Nationalist Themes of Sacre Coeur
While it is said that Saint Coeur is dedicated to the martyrs of the Franco-Russian war with a belief that the dead brave hearts rest at the pinnacle of Montmarte. But, in true sense the Basilica is dedicated to the victims of the crime by communal. As you surf through Sacre Coeur, you will see that major designs have nationalist themes embedded on them.
There are two bronze equestrian statues on the portico along with three of its arches. While one represents Joan of Arc, the other is for King Louis IX. Both are national saints of France.
The Savoyarde bell, which was created in 1895 symbolises the takeover of Savoy in 1860. It is one of the heaviest bells in the world, weighing about 19 tonnes.
Sacre Coeur Basilica: Highest Point after Eiffel Tower
The top of Sacre Coeur is considered the highest point after the famous Eiffel Tower. The whole of Paris city is visible from this place. Also, the nearby countryside, spread up to 50 km, is also visible from the dome of the Basilica.
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Sacre-Coeur in Paris
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FAQ's of Paris
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It is located on the Rue du Chevalier de la Barre.
The church can be entered for free, but the crypt and the dome have to be visited with tickets.
It is a Roman Catholic Church and minor basilica in Paris.
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