Notre Dame Cathedral In Paris
A medieval era Catholic cathedral in Paris
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Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris (2020)
The Notre Dame Cathedral is a medieval era Catholic cathedral in Paris. Its name can be translated into “Our Lady of Paris”. It is located in the 4th arrondissement of the city, on the Île de la Cité. It is one of the most popular of all Gothic cathedrals of the middle ages in Paris. The construction of Notre Dame cathedral in Paris began in the year 1163 when King Louis on the throne and it took around 182 years to complete its construction. During the French Revolution, the Cathedral was damaged and was used for food storage. Later, in the 19th century, its restoration was started by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc who was an architect. Notre Dame Cathedral, also known as Notre Dame de Paris is, in fact, said to be an amazing example of French Gothic architecture across the world. Some of the famous architectural quirks that differentiate it from the Romanesque architecture are its natural-looking sculptures and stained glass windows.
The Notre Dame Cathedral is home to the cathedral of the Archbishop of Paris, along with the treasury. The cathedral is home to several artifacts and historical relics, such as a reliquary in the treasury of the cathedral, the Crown of Thorns, one of the Holy Nails and a small fragment of the True Cross. Although it is possible to enter the cathedral free of cost, if one wants to climb the stairs to get to the terrace then a small fee has to be paid. The view of the entire city of Paris from the terrace is something that one cannot miss out on, when in Paris.
History of Notre Dame Cathedral
The construction history of Notre Dame de Paris dates back to 1160 when the then Bishop Maurice de Sully ordered demolition of the Paris cathedral, Saint-Étienne (St Stephen's) calling it unworthy. On its place, the foundation stone of Notre Dame de Paris was laid either by Sully or Pope Alexander III in 1163. The high altar was later consecrated in 1189. While sections like the western façade and the choir were ready by 1250, others like chapels, porches and various individual embellishments were incorporated during the next 100 years. The cathedral was completed in 1345. While Sully dedicated his life and finances for the construction, various architectures contributed to the building, which is evident from the different architectures in the Cathedral.
Facts about Notre Dame Cathedral
Let’s take a glimpse into some of the facts about Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris that make it an amazing tourist attraction.
1) The organ of Notre Dame de Paris has 7,952 pipes and ca 900 is classified as historical.
2) The largest bell known as Emanuel, out of 10 bells in Notre Dame, is located at the top of the South Tower.
3) In the 1790s, Notre-Dame de Paris suffered the wrath of the French Revolution.
Masses in Notre Dame Cathedral
Appropriate dress is required while attending a mass. Tourists can attend mass at the cathedral between Monday and Saturday. On these days, a mass takes place in the choir at 8 am and 9 am (except in the summer months). Visitors can also attend mass at the high altar at 12 pm and 6:15 pm. All Sunday masses at Notre Dame are held at the high altar at 8:30 am, 9:30 am, 10 am, 11:30 am, 12:45 pm, 5:45 pm, and 6:30 pm.
Events in Notre Dame Paris
Popular events shown in the cathedral include the Choir of the Church in 1669, the Cult of Reason during the French Revolution, the coronation of Henry VI during the Hundred Years' War, and coronation of Napoleon I as Emperor of the French.
Today, there are several classical music concerts performed at the Notre Dame during the summer months. Around the Christmas season, nativity scenes and gospels are held regularly.
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FAQ's of Paris
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The Notre Dame Cathedral is open on Monday to Friday from 8AM to 6:45PM and on Saturday and Sunday from 8AM to 7:45PM. There is no midday closure at this attraction.
It is located on the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris.
Yes, photography is allowed within the cathedral, althgouh in some places flash photography is not allowed. Signs proclaiming this would be present at such sites.
Though, admission to Notre Dame Cathedral does not cost anything, visitors need to buy tickets of Euro 8.50 to enter the tower and Euro 6 to enter the crypt.
Built in the between the duration of 1163 and 1245, Notre Dame Cathedral holds some religious and historical treasures. Once a warehouse, this edifice was saved by Napoleon and Victor Hugo, making it a historical piece to dig into. Moreover, being the departure of all roads, it becomes even more beguiling for visitors.
No. The Cathedral of Amiens, i.e. Notre Dame d’Amiens is a bigger cathedral in comparison to Notre Dame Cathedral.
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