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    Some of the popular historical monuments in Delhi

    Delhi has been the capital of many dynasties over the period of time. From the Pandavas of the Hindu epic Mahabharata to the Narendra Modi-led BJP of the present day political scenario, the current capital of India has seen many rulers come and go. Many of these rulers got new forts, palaces, and establishments constructed. Today, these historical places in Delhi form the highlight of the sightseeing tours of the capital, popularly known as Delhi Darshan.

    With a history that spans over a millennium, it is only normal to have a long list of historical places. But to try and summarize, we bring to you a comprehensive list of famous places in Delhi that speak volumes about the history of the Indian capital.

    Famous Places in Delhi for the History Lovers

    Tourists taking a walk through the Qutab Minar Complex that is one of the historical places in Delhi

    As mentioned before, the Sultanate of Delhi has seen many rulers. Many of them established their own cities. The medieval history period itself saw the rise and fall of seven cities within Delhi, viz. Qila Rai Pithora, Mehrauli, Siri, Tughlaqabad, Firozabad, Shergarh, and Shahjahanabad. These 7 cities form a major chunk of the historical places in Delhi.

    1. Ladho Sarai (Rai Pithora)

    The greens at the Gateway of Qila Rai Pithora in Ladho Sarai

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    Due to the availability of recorded historical facts, Rai Pithora is known as the first city of Delhi. The once fortified city was built by Prithviraj Chauhan after defeating the Tomar Rajputs in the 12th century. Prior to this, the Tomars ruled over an establishment known as Lal Kot that was built by the Tomar ruler Anangpal I in the 8th century. Though these historical places in Delhi are no more in existence, ruins of the same can be seen in the Mehrauli district. The 12th-century Rai Pithora is today popularly known as Ladho Sarai.

    Monuments in Ladho Sarai: Gateway and ramp of Qila Rai Pithora, numerous bastions of Rai Pithora, Gateways of Lal Kot, Mandi Mosque, Rajon-ki-Bain (Rajon Ki Baoli), Badun Gate, Tomb of Azim Khan, and Tomb of Balban Khan


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    2. Mehrauli

    The ancient ruins at the Qutab Minar complex in Mehrauli that is one of the most famous places in Delhi for the history lovers

    After defeating Prithviraj Chauhan in 1191, Mohammad Ghori left his slave Qutubuddin Aibak as his viceroy. Aibak captured Delhi, which was still in the hands of the Chauhans, in 1193. After the death of Ghori in 1206, Aibak took the throne of Delhi for himself and established the first Mughal rule over Delhi. This gave to the rise of the Slave Dynasty. Qutubuddin Aibak began building Islamic structures that were later incorporated in his city – Mehrauli. This was the second city of Delhi.

    The city of Mehrauli includes a plethora of historical places in Delhi, the chief being the Mehrauli Archaeological Park and the Qutab Archaeological Area.

    Monuments in the Qutab Minar Complex: Minar of Qutubuddin Aibak (Qutub Minar), Iron Pillar, unfinished minar, Tomb of Iltutmish, Tomb of Imam Zamin, Alai-Darwaza, and a mosque

    Tourists taking a walk through the lawns at the Jahaaz Mahal in Mehrauli

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    Suggested Read: He Placed Old Photos Of Delhi Monuments Over How They Look Today & The Internet Went Crazy!

    Other Monuments in Mehrauli: Jahaaz Mahal, Hauz-i-Shamsi, Moti Masjid, Zafar Mahal, Tomb of Adham Khan, Jamali Kamali Mosque, Tomb of Maulana Jamali Kamali, and Gandhak-ki-baoli

    3. Hauz Khas (Siri)

    A snap of the Hauz Khas fort in the ancient city of Siri

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    One of the most happening & affluent neighborhoods of the 21st century Delhi, Hauz Khas derives its name from the Royal Water Tank built during the reign of Allauddin Khilji. The present day Hauz Khas district was then called Siri, which was one of the seven cities of Delhi. A highlight of the New Delhi tourism circuit, the area holds importance for both the history buffs and the part lovers. And with the presence of myriad monuments in the district, Hauz Khas qualifies as one of the important historical places in Delhi.

    Monuments in Hauz Khas: Tomb of Feroz Shah Tughlaq, Bag-i-AlamGumbad, Kali Gumti, and Tefe Wala Gumbad

    4. Tughlaqabad

    The ruins of the Tughlaqabad Fort in the Tughlaqabad area

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    It was in 1320 that Ghiasuddin Tughlaq won the Sultanate of Delhi from Nasiruddin Mohammed and founded the city of Tughlaqabad. He got the Tughlaqabad Fort constructed in the city, remains of which can still be seen in this area. As the third city among the former seven cities of the Delhi Sultanate, Tughlaqabad too ranks high in the list of the important historical places in Delhi.

    Monuments in Tughlaqabad: Tomb of Ghiasuddin Khan, Nai-ka-kot, Adilabad, and Tughlaqabad Fort

    5. Jahanpanah

    The Tomb of Bahlol Lodhi at the ancient city of Jahanpanah

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    After the untimely death of Ghiasuddin Tughlaq in 1325, his son Muhammad bin Tughlaq ascended the throne. After a reign of 7 years with Tughlaqabad as his capital, he shifted the capital of the empire to Daulatabad, Devgiri, in Aurangabad District of Deccan. But the scarcity of water led him to shift back to Delhi in 1334. It was then that he founded another city – Jahanpanah or the World’s Asylum – very close to his former capital of Tughlaqabad. Though it was never considered among the 7 cities of the capital, it is considered as one of the important places in Delhi for the history lovers.

    Monuments in Jahanpanah: Begumpuri Masjid, Lal Gumbad, Tomb of Bahlol Lodhi, and Bijay Mandal

    6. Kotla (Firozabad)

    Ruins of Feroz Shah Kotla in the ancient town of Firozabad

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    After a disastrous reign by Muhammad bin Tughlaq, his son Firoz Shah set out to bring some stability to the empire. In due course, he established another city in Delhi – Firozabad or Firoz Shah Kotla. The city was a large enclosure of high walls and contained palaces, pillared halls, mosques, a pigeon tower, & a water tank. Firoz got an Ashokan pillar from 1500 years ago erected on the top of his palace.

    The Sayyid and Lodhi dynasties that followed worked to restore the stability. The most famous gardens and tombs of this era, which you might be able to see on a Delhi Darshan in the area surrounding the present-day Lodhi Gardens, also fall in the Firozabad city of medieval India.

    Monuments in Kotla: Ashoka’s Pillar, Firoz Shah Kotla, Khuni Darwaza (Lal Darwaza), Inchla Wali Gunti, Kala Gumbad, Tomb of Mubarak Shah, Tomb of Barhe Khan, Tomb of Chhote Khan, Tomb of Darya Khan, Tomb of Kale Khan, and Tomb of Khwaja Sara Basti Khan

    The front view of the Bara Gumbad at Lodhi Gardens in Delhi

    Monuments in & around Lodhi Gardens: Tomb of Sikandar Lodhi, Tomb of Safdarjung, Old Lodhi Bridge, Bara Gumbad, and Sheesh Gumbad

    7. Shergarh

    Ruins of the Purana Qila in the town of Shergarh in Delhi

    The present day Purana Qila (Old Fort) was the creation of Sher Shah Suri in his capital city of Shergarh. However, when Humayun defeated him in 1555 to win the capital back, the fort and the city were incomplete. Humayun did the needful and led to the existence of one of the most popular historical places in Delhi.

    Though the Humayun’s Tomb complex was built later by Emperor Akbar, its location next to the Old Fort has often led to a debate among the historians about whether or not it is to be included in the city of Shergarh. But in case you are going to Old Fort, you better not miss the monuments of the Humayun’s Tomb complex.

    A light and sound show in the evening hours at Purana Qila in Delhi

    Monuments in Old Fort area: Purana Qila (Old Fort), Khair-ul-Manzil, Moti Gate of Sher Shah Suri, and Qila-i-Kuhn mosque of Sher Shah

    The main tomb and the lawn at the Humayun Tomb complex

    Monuments in Humayun’s Tomb complex: Humayun’s Tomb, Arab Sarai, Afsah-walla-ki-Masjid, Tomb of Isa Khan Niyazi, Nai-ka-Gumbad, Chillah Nizamuddin Aulia, Nila Gumbad, and Tomb of Bu Halima

    Suggested Read: 15 Free Things To Do In Delhi

    8. Old Delhi (Shahjahanabad)

    Muslims gathering at the Jama Masjid in Delhi for the Friday namaaz

    Shah Jahan, the man that gave Taj Mahal to the world, is also credited for the construction of the city of Shahjahanabad – the present-day Old Delhi. The city remained the capital of the Mughal Sultanate from 1639 till the end of the Mughal Dynasty. The walled city was known for its royal architecture, intricate lanes, elegant mosques & gardens, dazzling bazaars, and surrounding walls.

    Famous Places in Old Delhi: Red Fort (Lal Qila), Jama Masjid, Chandni Chowk, Dariba Kalan, Ballimaran, Bhagirath Palace (erstwhile mansion of Begum Samru), Naughara, Mirza Ghalib ki Haveli, Haveli Dharampura, Chunnamal ki Haveli, Digambar Jain Lal Mandir, and Salimgarh Fort

    The preserved building of Kashmiri Gate in Shajahanabad

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    Monuments listed under Gates of Delhi:

    • Nigambodh Gate: northeast, leading to Nigambodh Ghat on the Yamuna River
    • Kashmiri Gate: north
    • Mori Gate: north
    • Kabuli Gate: west
    • Lahori Gate: west, leading to the tomb of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi.
    • Ajmeri Gate: southeast, leading to Ghaziuddin Khan’s Madrassa and Connaught Place
    • Turkman Gate: southeast, close to some pre-Shahjahan remains, including the tomb of Hazrat Shah Turkman Bayabani
    • Delhi Gate: south, leading to Feroz Shah Kotla
    The glorious Red Fort during a sunset

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    Monuments in Red Fort: Red Fort, Naubat Khana, Diwan-i-Am, Mumtaz Mahal, Rang Mahal, Baithak, Muthamman Burj, Diwan-i-Khas, Moti Masjid, Sawan & Bhadon, Shahi Burj, Hammam, and Sunehri Masjid

    One of the houses from the nine homes of Naughara near Chandni Chowk

    Historical buildings in and around Naughara Digambar Jain Mandir, Shwetambar Jain Mandir, 9 colorful Jain havelis, and Paranthe Wali Gali

    Suggested Read: 20 Tourist Places In Delhi That Everyone Must Visit

    Other Important Places in Delhi for the History Buffs

    9. Badarpur Zail

    Tomb of Mohammed Tughlaqabadshah at Badarpur Zail in Delhi

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    Historical buildings in Badarpur Zail Tomb of Mohammed Tughlaqabad Shah and Walls of old city of Tughlaqabad


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    10. Wazirabad

    The historical Wazirabad mosque in the old town of Wazirabad

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    Monuments in Wazirabad: Wazirabad Tomb (Tomb of Shah Alam I), Wazirabad mosque, Wazirabad bridge, Tomb of Shah Alam Bahadur Shah, Tomb of Shah Alam II, and Tomb of Akbar Shah II

    11. Nizamuddin

    The Atgha Khan Tomb at Nizauddin that is one of the historical places of Delhi

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    Monuments in Nizamuddin: Tomb of Mirza Ghalib, Tomb of Ataga Khan, Grave of Jahanara Begum, Tomb of Nizamuddin Auliya, Tomb of Amir Khusro, Nizamuddin Baoli, and Tomb of Mirza Muzaffar (Barha Batasha & Chhota Batasha)

    12. Inderpat Estate

    Lakharwal Gumbab in the Sunder Nursery Lawns of Inderpat Estate

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    Monuments in Inderpat Estate: Lakkar wala Gumbad, Sunderwala Burj, and Sunderwala Mahal

    13. Khirki Village

    The ancient ruins at the Khirki Village in Delhi

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    Monuments in Khirki Village: Khirki Masjid, Satpula III dam, and Tomb of Sheikh Yusuf Qattal

    14. Kharera Village

    A snap of the Neeli Masjid in the Kharera Village of Delhi

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    Monuments in Kharera Village: Chor Minar, Sakri Gumti, Chhoti Gumti, Idgah of Kharera, Neeli Masjid, Poti ka Gumbad, Biran ka Gumbad, Dadi ka Gumbad, and Bara Khamba

    15. Delhi Ridge

    A snap of the Flagstaff Tower where British ladies and children took refuge during the Revolt of 1857

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    Historical buildings in and around Delhi Ridge Flagstaff Tower, Chauburji, Hindu Rao Baoli, Ashokan Pillar, and Pir Ghaib

    16. Babarpur

    The Lal Bangla in the Babarpur Area of Delhi

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    Historical buildings in Babarpur Lal Bangla and Kos Minar (Mughal Milestone)

    Suggested Read: 10 Less Popular Places In Delhi That Have Been Ignored For Long

    Other Historical Monuments to be covered on Delhi Darshan

    17 Jantar Mantar

    Some of the instruments at the Jantar Mantar observatory in Delhi

    Jantar Mantar is among the monuments that form the backbone of New Delhi tourism. Located in the present-day city of New Delhi, it is one of the 5 observatories built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur in 1724. The observatory consists of 13 instruments and 3 major individual structures. The 3 individual structures are:

    • Samrat Yantra: The Samrat Yantra, or Supreme Instrument, is a giant right triangle that is basically an equal hour sundial. Its 128-foot-long (39 m) hypotenuse, which is parallel to the Earth’s axis, points toward the North Pole. On its either side is a quadrant with indicators for hours, minutes, and seconds. It also helped in measuring declination and other related coordinates of the various heavenly bodies.
    • Jayaprakash Yantra: The Jayaprakash has hollowed out hemispheres with markings on their concave surfaces. Crosswires were stretched between points on their rim. It was used to study the position of the stars.
    • Misra Yantra: The Misra Yantra, the only structure in the observatory that is not invented by Jai Singh II, was a tool to determine the shortest & longest days of the year and to indicate the exact moment of noon in various cities all over the world.

    18. Agrasen Ki Baoli

    The not so haunted Agrasen ki Baoli is a surprise amidst the concrete jungle of Connaught Pace in Delhi

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    Agrasen ki Baoli is located on the Hailey Road near Connaught Place in the present-day city of New Delhi. One of the ASI-protected historical places in Delhi, it consists of 3 levels and 103 steps. Though there are no historical records to prove it, but the building is believed to have been built by the legendary Maharaja Agrasen and rebuilt by the Agarwal community during the reign of the Tughlaq dynasty. Rumors have it that the Baoli is also one of the haunted places in Delhi.

    19. Chhota Qutub Minar at Hastsal Village, Uttam Nagar

    A snap of the less popular Hastsal Minar in Delhi

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    Debate still exists, for those who have even heard of this monument, about the date of construction of this monument. While the red sandstone used in the minar suggests it to be from the Mughal Period, many locals claim it to be from the time of Prithviraj Chauhan. It is also believed that the structure was used as a hunting lodge by Shahjahan during the 1650s. What now stands as a 17-meter tall tower with 12 faces, has a broken top portion. Due to its remote location at the Hastsal Village in Uttam Nagar, it has been ignored from the face of New Delhi tourism.

    20. India Gate

    A snap of the India Gate and the canopy behind it on Rajpath

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    One of the more recent attractions of the New Delhi tourism, the India Gate on Rajpath is a war memorial to the 82,000 soldiers of the undivided Indian Army who died in the period 1914 – 1921 in the First World War, in France, Flanders, Mesopotamia, Persia, East Africa, Gallipoli, and elsewhere in the Near & the Far East, and the Third Anglo-Afghan War. It is a part of the work of the Imperial War Graves Commission (IWGC) that came into existence in December 1917 for building war memorials.

    Its foundation stone was laid by the visiting Duke of Connaught on 10th February 1921 and it was inaugurated on 12th February 1931 by Lord Irwin. After the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, another structure was added to it – the Amar Jawan Jyoti.

    Despite our best efforts, the list mentioned above doesn’t cover all the historical monuments of the capital. But it certainly presents ample fodder for those who seek a walk through the historical places in Delhi.

    Further Read: 7 After-Dark Tours In Delhi All You Night Crawlers Must Take


    Long Weekend Trips Starting @ Rs 3499/-

    Take a trip to spend the upcoming long weekend with your buddies.
    Stay at 4 star rating hotels with local sightseeing, meals and transfers.
    Travel in AC coach round trip (from Delhi).
    All Inclusive Deal– Camping, Jeep Safari & Trekking as per itinerary
    ✓ Sign up NOW to celebrate the long weekend out of town!


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