India is a land of natural beauty and man-made magnificence. While natural wonders offer striking sights to travelers, monumental beauties and structural grandeur of temples, monuments, palaces, churches, forts, and mosques in India amuse people from all over the world.
These imposing structures showcase fine design patterns, stunning architecture, and excellent miniature work. These elements glorify the interiors and exteriors of Indian mosques, most of which belong to the medieval period and certainly are a treat to the eyes.
Let’s glance at some of the fascinating and outstanding mosques in India that boast of immensely mesmerizing structure and decor.
18 Beautiful Mosques In India
Islamic architecture since the historic period has been known for its intricate art and designs. Some of the best work of their quintessential designs can be seen in the famous mosques across India. These places are highly revered and people from far and wide come to get a glimpse of these marvels. Here’s a list of the most gorgeous and sanctified mosques in India:
- Jama Masjid, New Delhi – The largest mosque in India
- Mecca Masjid, Hyderabad – One of the oldest Indian mosques
- Bara Imambara, Lucknow – An unsupported wonder
- Jamali-Kamali Mosque, Delhi – A haunted beauty
- Jamia Masjid, Srinagar – A popular tourist place in Srinagar
- Nagina Masjid, Agra – The jewel mosque
- Adhai Din ka Jhonpra, Ajmer – Another one of the oldest mosques in India
- Jama Masjid, Agra – A symbol of paternal love
- Hazratbal Masjid, Srinagar – Kashmir’s holiest Muslim shrine
- Taj-ul-Masajid, Bhopal – The tallest mosque in India
- Jama Masjid, Ahmedabad – A historic marvel
- Tipu Sultan Mosque, Kolkata – A 180-year-old historic relic
- Moti Masjid, Bhopal – Another marvel of the architect ruler
- Adina Mosque, Malda – Grandeur that stood the test of time
- Kabuli Bagh Mosque, Panipat – A Historic Mark of Victory
- Jumma Masjid, Bangalore – A glittering religious delight
- Toli Masjid, Hyderabad – A significant heritage site in the country
- Sidi Saiyyed Mosque, Ahmedabad – A symbol of prosperity in historic Gujarat
1. Jama Masjid, New Delhi – The largest mosque in India
Jama Masjid is the largest mosque in India, built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1644 and is a major tourist attraction in New Delhi. It is one of the most popular Islamic sites in the country and has the capacity to accommodate almost 25,000 devotees during prayers and religious events. This grand mosque is known for its incredible structure, three gigantic gates, four grand towers, and stunning internal marble décor.
Must-see: Black and white ornamented marble inlay on the floor, minarets, domes, and arches
2. Mecca Masjid, Hyderabad – One of the oldest Indian mosques
Mecca Masjid or Maccah Masjid is one of the oldest mosques in India, located near Chowmahalla Palace, Laad Bazaar in Hyderabad. Constructed by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, it is named Mecca because it believed that the bricks and soil during its erection were transported from Mecca.
Talking about the architectural patterns, the internal structure, and external design of Mecca Masjid are strikingly beautiful. Also, the giant prayer hall, passageways, arched galleries, octagonal balconies, minarets, and dome structures are impeccably crafted and designed.
Must-see: Floral motifs, bright-looking frescoes, and beautiful inscriptions on arches with verses from the Quran
3. Bara Imambara, Lucknow – An unsupported wonder
Built by the 4th Nawab of Awadh – Nawab Asaf-Ud-Dowhala – in 1784, Asafi Imambara is commonly known as Bara Imambara. It is one of the most popular and splendid mosques in India.
Also, Bara Imambara is one of the largest unsupported structures of the country. The construction pattern made of Lakhnawi bricks and lime plaster is unique and immensely beautiful. The roof is built without using ant beam or girder and it is said that no metal or wood element was used during the construction.
Must-see: Bhool Bhulaiya or Labyrinth with plenty of identical passages, doorways, and staircases
4. Jamali-Kamali Mosque, Delhi – A haunted beauty
Located near Qutab Minar, Jamali-Kamali is an ancient mosque in Delhi, now mostly in ruins. The mosque and the two adjoining tombs – Jamali and Kamali were built with red sandstone and red marble. The décor and design of domes, prayer hall, central arch and courtyard are exceptionally charming and splendid.
Located in Mehrauli village, the area around Jamali Kamali tombs and mosque is considered to be one of the most haunted places in Delhi.
Must-see: The Mughal architectural splendor showcasing the Jharokha system, a practice that was introduced by the Mughals in India. Jharokha or balcony used to be a platform from where emperors directly communicated with the general public face-to-face and attended to their grievances.
5. Jamia Masjid, Srinagar – A popular tourist place in Srinagar
Jamia Masjid is a classical Indian mosque, located near Nowhatta in Srinagar. It has a beautiful structure with an enclosed courtyard, wooden pillars, and a well-maintained landscaped garden surrounding the mosque area.
Following the orders of Mir Mohammad Hamadani, Sultan Sikandar Shah Kashmiri Shahmiri built this beautiful 1394 mosque in Kashmir.
Must-see: Spectacular Indo-Saracenic architecture
6. Nagina Masjid, Agra – The jewel mosque
Located within Agra Fort, Nagina Masjid was built by Shah Jahan for the begums and womenfolk of royal families. This Mughal mosque of India is made of white marble and comprises of domes and a marble-paved court in the middle. The adjoining balcony offered beautiful views of the surroundings and of the Mina bazaar that operated on the front road.
Must-see: Bangladar architecture and décor of Chajja and the parapet
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7. Adhai Din ka Jhonpra, Ajmer – Another one of the oldest mosques in India
Adhai Din ka Jhonpra is a Sanskrit College converted to a mosque, located behind the Ajmer Sharif Dargah. Some parts of this Indian mosque stand in ruins while some parts still reflect the architectural glory of the prayer hall, wall panels, and pillars made of yellow limestone.
Constructed in a 7-year span – from 1192 to 1199, it was ready in 1199 was one of the first few structures displaying Indo-Islamic architecture.
Must-see: Beautiful inscriptions of Islamic calligraphy and Persian theme
8. Jama Masjid, Agra – A symbol of paternal love
Built by Shahjahan for his daughter Jahanara Begum, Jama (also called as Jami) masjid is one of the beautiful mosques of India. The architectural splendor of colonnaded halls, square chambers, crowned domes, and central courtyard are designed with carved mihrabs and look absolutely stunning.
Must-see: Tomb of the popular Sufi Saint and Sheikh Salim Chisti, a figurine of inverted lotus, and Kalash finials
9. Hazratbal Masjid, Srinagar – Kashmir’s holiest Muslim shrine
Situated on the left bank of Dal Lake, Hazratbal is an ancient masjid in India, consisting of one dome and one minaret. The mosque appears sparkling and impressive with its marble décor outlay and offers a breathtaking view of the lake which makes it one of the most popular tourist attractions in Srinagar.
Must-see: Holy relic called the Moi-e-Muqaddas
10. Taj-ul-Masajid, Bhopal – The tallest mosque in India
Taj-ul-Masjid or the Crown of Mosques is a pink mosque, decorated and themed with vintage motifs taken of Syrian mosques. The massive octagonal minarets, arched doorways, nine cusped multiple entrances, and central prayer hall look stunningly gorgeous with the fresco paintings and Islamic inscriptions.
Must-see: Quibla wall is engraved with eleven arches and has exclusive screens of trellis work.
11. Jama Masjid, Ahmedabad – A historic marvel
Another Jama Masjid situated in Ahmedabad is one of the largest mosques in India. Built in the year 1424 by the Emperor Sultan Ahmed Shah, the mosque is home to his tomb along with his queens, his son and his grandson. Beautifully constructed in the indo-islamic architecture, the mosque boasts of inscriptions on the mihrab that commemorates the inauguration of the mosque which was originally built for the purpose of the royal family.
Must-see: The magnificent yellow sandstone structure is located just outside Bhadra Fort and has a road extending from Teen Darwaza to Manek Chowk.
12. Tipu Sultan Mosque, Kolkata – A 180-year-old historic relic
A beautiful relic of architecture and heritage, this mosque allows the legends of the great king Tipu Sultan to live on in the land of Kolkata. With bright green domes that look striking from afar, the mosque is unique in its way of opening its doors to people from all religions. The intricately built mosque was originally built by Tipu Sultan’s son Prince Ghulam Mohammed.
Must-see: The 16 domes brightly colored in the sacred Islamic color- green and the intricate carvings in the structure stand proof to the expert craftsmanship. Tourists are allowed to click photos here, so don’t mind bringing a few snaps back home.
13. Moti Masjid, Bhopal – Another Marvel Of The Architect Ruler
The Moti Masjid in Bhopal is yet another gorgeous structure built by Shah Jahan during his reign that stood the test of time but hasn’t lost its charm. Historically rich, this mosque was originally built exclusively for the members of the emperor’s court. The raised plinth of the mosque in its courtyard offers good city views.
Must-see: The main prayer hall of the shrine is built in white marble giving it the glint of a pearl, hence the name ‘Moti Masjid’.
14. Adina Mosque, Malda – Grandeur that stood the test of time
Located in the Malda district of West Bengal, the Adina Mosque was once the largest mosque in India and a part of the Bengal Sultanate. The age-old edifice was built by the Sikander Sheikh of the Ilyas dynasty in the 14th century. The unique architecture of the mosque has an uncanny resemblance to the Great Mosque Of Damascus since the foundations of both mosques were drawn in a similar manner.
Must-see: The mosque’s most prominent feature is its monumental ribbed barrel vault over the central nave, the first such huge vault built in the subcontinent.
15. Kabuli Bagh Mosque, Panipat – A Historic Mark of Victory
A monument of great historic importance located in the Panipat district of Haryana, the Kabuli Bagh Mosque was originally built by Babur. It was to mark the emperor’s victory over Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi. Later the mosque received another masonry platform by the name of ‘Chabutra-i-Fateh Mubarak’ from Humayun when he defeated Salim Shah in battle.
Must-see: Apart from the historic delights to be experienced at the mosque, the gardens surrounding the edifice are well maintained and tranquil.
16. Jumma Masjid, Bangalore – A glittering religious delight
Built in the 1790s, the Jumma Masjid is a beautiful monument dedicated to the beloved king, Tipu Sultan. The mosque is covered in elaborate artwork and floral motifs, which is quite a sight to catch. In the month of Ramadan, the mosque is lit up in bright light to give it a brilliant look in the evenings.
Must-see: The magnificent twin minarets inside the mosque that stretch up to the spherical domes above the balconies are absolutely stunning.
17. Toli Masjid, Hyderabad – A significant heritage site in the country
Also known as the Damri Mosque, the Toli Masjid is another architectural marvel in Hyderabad built by Mir Musa Khan Mahaldar during the reign of Abdullah Qutb Shah in the year 1082. The mosque is a significant historical monument in the state and has been awarded INTACH (Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage) and the Archeological Survey of India declared it a heritage site in India.
Must-see: The inscriptions in the prayer room hold great religious importance. It also revealed the fact about the royals who prayed there.
18. Sidi Saiyyed Mosque, Ahmedabad – A symbol of prosperity in historic Gujarat
Locally known as Sidi Sayyid ni Jali in Gujarat, the mosque is one of the significant religious and historical monuments in the state. Built in the last years of the Gujarat Sultanate, it was built by Sidi Sayyid on the advice of Bilal Jhajar Khan, who was a general in the army of the last Sultan Shams-ud-Din Muzaffar Shah III.
Must-see: The whole of the mosque is arcuated and is famed for its ten intricately carved stone latticework (or jalis) on the side arches.
Picturesque as they are, these mosques in India truly are an epitome of craftsmanship & depict architectural proficiency of the bygone era. Plan a trip to these places and find it for yourself!
Frequently Asked Questions About Mosques In India
A. There are over 3,00,00 mosques in the country of India. Spread across the country, some of the most prominent mosques here are Jama Masjid, Jamali Kamali, Jamia Masjid, Mecca Masjid, and more.
A. Some of the places in India have a great number of mosques, including Hyderabad, Srinagar, Delhi, Mangalore, Madurai, Lucknow, Bhopal, etc. Some of these mosques are historically as well as architecturally famous.
A. Jama Masjid is considered to be one of the most famous mosques in India. Moreover, it is the largest mosque in the country that can accommodate about 25,000 people. Located in Delhi, this mosque is considered to be one of the most popular Muslim spots in the world.
A. Cheraman Juma Mosque is the first mosque in India. Located in Methala, Kerala, this mosque was established in 629 AD by Malik Deenar.
A. Islam was brought by the Arab Traders in Malabar and Konkan-Gujarat in the 7th Century CE. The Cheraman Juma Mosque was the first mosque, reflecting this historical event.
A. the Great Mosque of Mecca is considered to be the largest mosque in the world. Also known by the name Masjid al-Haram, is one of the most prominent tourist sites in Saudi Arabia.
A. Jama Masjid was constructed by Shah Jahan in the year 1656 and it took over 5,000 workers to build it.
A. Taj Mahal is a Muslim tomb built by Shah Jahan in the memory of his dead wife.
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