The oldest zoo in Vienna is named Tiergarten Schoenbrunn which actually means "Vienna Zoo". It is situated in Schonbrunn Palace in Vienna, Austria. Established as an imperial safari of wild animals in 1752, the zoo gained its fame in due course of time. It is the oldest zoo in the western world and also has an aviary and fabulous botanical gardens. Currently, the Tiergarten Schoenbrunn is considered as one of the oldest conservation parks. The main purpose of this zoo is to provide a platform for species conservation. It also serves as a center for protection of nature, under the direction of a legislation. The still surviving structures of baroque era with the old stained walls that looks over the zoo have been acclaimed by the elements of modern zoo architecture in the last years. The zoo no doubt sets a good example of the 18th-century protective structures after the Versailles model.
The zoo is spread across 17 hectares of land and the lush greenery that engulfs it. The zoo as mentioned earlier has a lot to offer to the spectators including the giant pandas. Presently the zoo has four giant pandas which are the prime center of attraction. Out of these four, one panda is named Fu Long was the first promulgate panda born in Europe. The zoo also includes a rainforest house, in which an observer is driven through an exact replica of the Amazon rainforest. The new set for polar animals was opened in the year 2004 which serves the same purpose as this one. The zoo witnessed its first elephant birth in captivity in the year 1906.
The zoo was handed over to a private company in 1992 and after it privatization, it has been controlled by Helmut Pechlaner, the president of WWF Austria. He had made many changes in the zoo and modernized many parts to make it a prime tourist spot in Austria. At present, the zoo is being supervised by Dagmar Schratter. The zoo accepts private and corporate patronage for various animals that are held captive in the zoo today. The zoo also has facilities like night excursions and exclusive children's program. There are also zoological researches that take place in the zoo. It remains open for 365 days and visitors even get the opportunity to enjoy the zoo during national holidays too.
The zoo is a recording location for the ORF series, Tom Turbo that is situated on a series of children's books named Thomas Brezina. This character has his garage at the zoo since 2006, sponsor of a tiger. Bygone zoo director also makes special appearances in a number of episodes.