Erechteion Temple in Athens
A Place of Great History
Rated 4.2/5 (based on 19 reviews)
Best time to visit
Mar - May, Sep - Nov
- Ideal for friends
About Erechteion Temple in Athens
The Erechtheion temple is an ancient Greek temple in the ancient Citadel of Acropolis built during the 5th century BC dedicated to both Athena and Poseidon. The Erechtheion temple was commissioned by Pericles during the golden age of the city of Athens after the Persians were defeated. The temple was designed to house the wooden cult statue of Athena and glorify the prosperity of the city. The temple is famous for its placement high above the city and the porch of 6 Caryatids. The Erechtheion is the most sacred site in the whole of Acropolis for it was where Athena and Poseidon competed for control of the city. The site has the mark of Poseidon’s trident and the Olive tree Athena gave to the city as a gift.
The south porch had the statues of 6 maidens known as Caryatids which supported the roof as opposed to the ionic columns supporting the north porch. It is believed that the temple was named after the great King Erechtheus. The temple housed a number of other gods and had a multitude of functions. The temple was made from Pentelic marble from the Mount Pentelicus.
The temple is the site of a number of Greek mythologies and holds a special place in ancient Greek history. The western chamber of the temple housed the sacred serpent belonging to Athena who was fed honey-cakes by the priestesses of the Athena Polias. The site is supposedly the burial places of Kings Kekrops and Erechtheus. The salt water well created by Poseidon’s strike and the sacred olive tree are all placed here as per mythology.
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FAQ's of Athens
Read on to find out why our customers love us!
The temple was transformed into a church by the Byzantine Empire.
The 6th Caryatid is at the British Museum and was sold to them by Lord Elgin.
The architect of the temple is speculated to be Mnesicles.
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