One of the best places to learn about Roman history

Pantheon Temple in Rome

Exploring the Historic Pantheon Temple in Rome
Tourism in Rome

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Best time to visit

Oct - Apr

Ideal Duration

3-4 Days

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On Arrival

Starting from

Rs. 50,000
  • Historical activities
  • Sightseeing
  • Adventure

About Pantheon Temple in Rome

Pantheon is an ancient Roman temple, now turned church, in the city of Rome, Italy. Agrippa, the right hand to Emperor Augustus, built the first temple around 27 BC. However, it burnt down in 80 AD, and then was rebuilt in 120 AD. The Romans used it as a temple until 609 AD, when Pope Boniface IV consecrated it as a church. Since then, it has been a place of worship for Catholics in Rome.

Despite being nearly 2,000 years old, the temple is still a breathtaking site. In fact, it is one of the best-preserved ancient Roman monuments, having survived several raids and wars. The original design and decorations are still intact, with their beauty and elegance, serving as a reminder of ancient Roman architectural superiority.

The Dome

The temple’s dome is the most breathtaking feature of this historic monument. The dome, which has a diameter of 43.4 meters, is the largest unreinforced concrete dome in the world. At the center of the dome, there is a massive Oculus (8.7 meters in diameter), which is famously referred to as the eye of Pantheon. The Oculus brings in the sun by the day, while creating a breathtaking view of the sky during the night.

The dome is one of the greatest architectural achievements of ancient Romans. Its design has influenced the construction of other buildings, including the US Capitol, the St. Peter’s Basilica, and the Renaissance Cathedral. This makes it one of the most influential architectural structures in the world.

The Portico

The original temple was built with steps leading up to its entrance. However, due to several modifications over the years, the steps now lead down to the portico. Here, you will find 16 large Corinthian columns surrounding the portico, making it another breathtaking structure of the temple. Each of the columns stands at 39 ft tall and weighs 60 tons. They are from Egypt, and their transportation to Rome involved a huge amount of slave labor.

The interior

The temple’s interior is another great attraction you should check out. Its beauty and elegance is mostly due to the effect of the dome. During the day, the light from the sun enters the interior through the Oculus of the dome, creating an overwhelming sight. The interior also features several beautiful decorations, which help to add to the beauty and elegance of the temple.

The Tombs

The Pantheon features tombs, which are the burial place of several important figures. Notable among them are Italian royals, including Umberto I and his wife, and Victor Emmanuel II. Other figures in the tomb include painters and architects such as Raphael (a famous Renaissance painter), Flaminio Vacca (architect), and others. These tombs are a walk down the memory lanes of important figures that helped to shape the future of Italy.

Art

The temple is home to a number of historic artworks. At the main altar, you will find the iconic 7th century painting of Madonna and Child. Other artworks you can find in the temple include the semi dome of the apse as well as several second century paintings and decorations.


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      Really appreciate the management and service of the agents to make our trip to Italy truly memorable. I customized whole tour according to my choices of hotels, activities etc. I got complete co operation from Nisar with good suggestions at good price. It was the best quotation I had received from all the agencies. I would definitely prefer memorable trips for my next trips.
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      Italy 10 Feb 2019 - 16 Feb 2019 Tour was very well organized starting from Delhi till reaching back to Delhi. Flight and Train tickets were so well timed that we never missed breakfast. We reached hotels just the right time from Airport/Train station that we never had to wait for check-in in hotels. Airlines, Trains and cabs booked for transport were very well organized. Everything was on time no delay. We never missed any sightseeing because of delay in transportation. Hotels were good, we didn't spend much time at hotels as we were exploring the beautiful cities of Italy. All the information about important locations, mode of travel, availability of food, weather conditions, mobile phone sim card, offline google maps, clothing as per weather etc. was made available before we started. This helped us a lot in travelling and exploring our more in Italy. We visited Rome, Florence and Venice, two days stay at each city. Sightseeing of one day was booked by the agency and one day was free for us to explore on our own. In Rome Colosseum, was booked for day one (3 hr trip) it covers colosseum and two more spots nearby. Next Day we took a hop on hop off bus tour, covered the almost all the locations in Rome. In Florence, the first day was free so we explored the local sites and churches. Day two, we went for Pisa tour. It takes half a day to go and come back from Pisa. In Venice, the first day was free so we explored the Venice on our own. Spent the night of Valentine's Day in Venice, that was the best part of Venice. Next Day we went on a trip to Murono and Burano islands. Next morning cab was ready for airport transfer. Our hotels were very close to train stations, metros and Indian Restaurants, so we never had any problem with travel, transport and food. Everything was not more than 700m away. Supermarket and restaurants were close. Thank you Nisar from Memorable Vacations Holidays for the awesome arrangement.
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    FAQ's of Rome

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    Yes, visitors are allowed to take pictures.

    There is no entry fee to visit Pantheon.

    The Pantheon is open from 9 am to 6 pm Monday through Saturday. On Sunday, visiting hours are a little longer.

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