Pantheon Temple In Rome
Exploring the Historic Pantheon Temple in Rome
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Pantheon Temple, Rome (Italy)
The Pantheon Temple in Rome is famous for its magnificent architecture. The temple was commissioned by Marcus Agrippa and was completed by Hadrian. It was earlier a temple which later got converted into a church. Pantheon Temple is one of the most preserved architectures in Rome.
History of Pantheon Temple
Pantheon is an ancient Roman temple, now turned the church, in the city of Rome, Italy. Agrippa, the right hand to Emperor Augustus, built the first temple around 27 BC. However, it burnt down in 80 AD and then was rebuilt in 120 AD. The Romans used it as a temple until 609 AD, when Pope Boniface IV consecrated it as a church. Since then, it has been a place of worship for Catholics in Rome.
Despite being nearly 2,000 years old, the temple is still a breathtaking site. In fact, it is one of the best-preserved ancient Roman monuments, having survived several raids and wars. The original design and decorations are still intact, with their beauty and elegance, serving as a reminder of ancient Roman architectural superiority.
The temple’s dome is the most breathtaking feature of this historic monument. The dome, which has a diameter of 43.4 meters, is the largest unreinforced concrete dome in the world. At the center of the dome, there is a massive Oculus (8.7 meters in diameter), which is famously referred to as the eye of Pantheon. The Oculus brings in the sun by the day, while creating a breathtaking view of the sky during the night.
The dome is one of the greatest architectural achievements of ancient Romans. Its design has influenced the construction of other buildings, including the US Capitol, the St. Peter’s Basilica, and the Renaissance Cathedral. This makes it one of the most influential architectural structures in the world.
The original temple was built with steps leading up to its entrance. However, due to several modifications over the years, the steps now lead down to the portico. Here, you will find 16 large Corinthian columns surrounding the portico, making it another breathtaking structure of the temple. Each of the columns stands at 39 ft tall and weighs 60 tons. They are from Egypt, and their transportation to Rome involved a huge amount of slave labor.
The Pantheon Interior
The temple’s interior is another great attraction you should check out. Its beauty and elegance is mostly due to the effect of the dome. During the day, the light from the sun enters the interior through the Oculus of the dome, creating an overwhelming sight. The interior also features several beautiful decorations, which help to add to the beauty and elegance of the temple.
The Pantheon features tombs, which are the burial place of several important figures. Notable among them are Italian royals, including Umberto I and his wife, and Victor Emmanuel II. Other figures in the tomb include painters and architects such as Raphael (a famous Renaissance painter), Flaminio Vacca (architect), and others. These tombs are a walk down the memory lanes of important figures that helped to shape the future of Italy.
The temple is home to a number of historic artworks. At the main altar, you will find the iconic 7th century painting of Madonna and Child. Other artworks you can find in the temple include the semi dome of the apse as well as several second century paintings and decorations.
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Shivam's 10 days trip to RomePros 1. The hotel bookings were excellent 2. The taxi pickup and drop off was excellent 3. They followed up with us regularly on whatsapp during the course of trip 4. The visa process was excellent Cons 1. Just a few (2-3) days after payment of first installment, the agent increased the overall amount by Rs 10000 and threatened not to do the bookings if the extra amount was not paid. However, on vehement protests by us, the excess amount was rolled back. 2. The SNCF trains were cancelled due to the strikes in Paris. However, the agent didn't care to inform us that the trains are cancelled. But, we were closely monitoring the situation and we ourselves informed the agent that the train was cancelled and requested them to book alternate tickets. Then, they booked alternate tickets for us after taking extra payment. In such a case, instead of us informing the travel agent, the travel agent should have informed us about the train cancellation. Had we not been careful, the whole trip would have been spoiled 3. The return flight timings were advanced to 11:50 am instead of 1:10 pm by Aeroflot. However, the agent did not inform us. Our flight could have been missed, had we not been careful.
Raju's 9 days trip to RomeTrip was very well planned & executed by the Responsible person Mr. Shashank, all went well as planned except 1 day driver missed the appointment & not turned up, but the contact person immediately took action & asked us to take another Taxi without waiting for the pre booked Taxi. Response of the team was good . Just few recommendations even though it is not agency mistake or might be we asked for them to booked for us so it happened that is for the Local transportation & unlimited trip passes ask travelers to buy from hotel or dly. the Passes at the hotel as collection of these passes is a little hectic job as you can collect your passes only at pre defined places if booked online. For that you have to have a Taxi to go which is is additional 15-20Euro Expense. Once again Thanks for a memorable trip.
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Yes, visitors are allowed to take pictures.
No, Pantheon was not the first dome. In fact, it was earlier built as a temple which later got converted to a church.
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