Kodaikanal Solar Observatory in Kodaikanal
Comprehend the celestial phenomena at the Solar Observatory
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About Kodaikanal Solar Observatory in Kodaikanal
Those who are fascinated by stars and astronomy, the Kodaikanal Solar Observatory, also known as Kodaikanal Observatory is the place to visit. Initially known as Solar Physics Observatory, this is owned and operated by the Indian Institute of Astrophysics. The observatory was set up in 1899 by shifting the activities of a similar observatory in Chennai to this site. As Kodaikanal Observatory is perched in Kodaikanal at a high altitude, the celestial objects can be observed without the city lights disturbing the assessment and readings.
This solar observatory in India has a well-equipped laboratory, where cutting edge research work is done. In this lab, equipment of immense importance are kept such as high frequency Doppler, a Watson magnetometer, solar tunnel telescope, a broadband seismograph, and a 20 cm refractor. Through the refractor, comet observations and significant occultation are made, and at times, it is also provided to the visitors for observing the night sky.
Dedicated almost entirely to the study of solar phenomena, observations began here from 1901. The most noteworthy accomplishment of the Observatory in Kodaikanal is the discovery of the Evershed Effect (the phenomenon of radial motion in sunspots), which was detected in 1909 by John Evershed - the then Observatory’s Director.
The Kodaikanal Solar Observatory museum displays solar models and pictures. The live solar image and Fraunhofer spectrum – visible colorful spectrum of the sun is the major attraction of the museum. A library is also housed in this observatory, which is packed with huge astronomical literature as well as vital archives. It also preserves important works about Solar and Solar Terrestrial Physics that are important reference sources for research works.
This Astrophysical Observatory Kodaikanal provides kids a chance to learn about the intriguing world of astrophysics. They can view the night sky from this observatory, which will fascinate them for sure. Apart from all these, the Solar Observatory in Kodaikanal fascinates visitors with its Kodaikanal Terrestrial Telescope, which offers spectacular views of the surrounding areas. Visitors can watch Sothupparai Dam, Vaigai Dam, and Varaha and Periyakulam Rivers.
Undoubtedly, the Kodaikanal Solar Observatory enthralls everyone, whether they are inclined towards astronomy or not. It has something or the other to intrigue everyone.
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FAQ's of Kodaikanal
Read on to find out why our customers love us!
It is located on the southern tip of the Palani Hills, about 4 km from town centre of Kodaikanal.
There is no entry fee for visitors.
The observatory is open from 10 am to 12 pm and 2 pm to 4 am. It remains closed on every Sunday.
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