The Pamban Bridge a massive structure over the Indian Ocean and the first sea as well as cantilever bridge constructed in India. Built as a part of South Indian Railway project, this bridge is an engineering marvel and was completed in 1911. The bridge connects Rameswaram on Pamban Island to mainland India.
With 143 piers, spanning 2 km between the mainland and the island, it is the second longest sea bridge in India after the Bandra-Worli sea link on Mumbai's western coast. Pamban Bridge in Rameshwaram is arch-shaped and built on artificial sandstone.
Pamban Bridge opening for ships makes it all the more alluring. A German engineer Scherzer designed the central part of this bridge that opens for the ships and boats to cross under the bridge.
Opened on 24th February, 1914, Rameshwaram Pamban Bridge is believed to have built on a sacred spot – Pamban. Here Lord Rama is said to have shot an arrow to the ground for a spring to emerge so that Goddess Sita could quench her thirst.
Pamban Bridge story is a poignant one. According to the legends, a man sacrificed his only son to save thousands of people traveling in a train passing through the bridge.
Pamban bridge length is 2.3 km (road bridge) and 2.6 km (rail bridge). The Pamban road bridge is also known as Annai Indira Gandhi Road Bridge. Pamban Railway Bridge is also considered to be the longest rail bridge. This railway bridge has been upgraded to carry broad gauge trains by Indian Railways in 2007.
Visitors will also get a chance to view the sea in its grand form, unlike any other place in the city. They can choose to travel either on road or by train and both ways, the views are superbly fantastic.