India’s largest state has a rock terrain, barren tracts filled with thorny scrubs, ravines, plateaus and rolling sand dunes. Rajasthan can be divided into various zones like the Aravalli region, the Thar & arid regions, the Malwa and Vindhya plateaus, fertile plains including Mewar, forest regions and water bodies like salt lakes and rivers.
The Aravali zone ranges from Mount Abu in the southwest region to Khetri in the northeast region. The northwest region is mostly arid and dry desert land whereas the northeast region is more fertile and habitable. The Thar Desert makes up about 70 per cent of Rajasthan’s total landmass. It encompasses the desert cities of Jodhpur, Bikaner and Jaisalmer and comprises of xerophilous grass, shrubs and thorny bushes.
A variety of trees are found throughout Rajasthan including teak, varied species of khejri and acacia and bamboo. There is also a variety of fauna in Rajasthan that consists of 25 species of serpents like Spiny Tail Lizards and Russel's Vipers and 23 species of lizards. There are also a number of other wildlife species including Indian Gazelles or Chinkaras, Antelopes, Great Indian Bustard, Nilgai, Black Bucks and more.
Some areas of Rajasthan known for its natural beauty are Guru Shikhar mountain peak, the Bharatpur bird sanctuary, Sunset point, Tal Chappar sanctuary, Shekhawati and Panchala Black Buck Reserve.