When it comes to natural beauty, Indonesia has an endless appeal, with a never-ending list of attractions to choose from. The national parks in Indonesia are especially beautiful.
Their prominence has pushed the government into declaring and preserving them as nationally protected areas. If you are a nature lover or simply looking for an adventure in Indonesia, you should visit some of its best national parks.
8 of the Top National Parks in Indonesia
From oceans to mountains, discover the vibrant country’s most beautiful national parks.
1. Komodo National Park
It would be an understatement to say that this renowned national park is a one-of-a-kind tourist attraction as it has qualities that other places in the world do not. Komodo National Park is the only place where you can spot the ancient and rare species of Komodo dragons, often referred to as “the last dinosaur on earth.” They are the oldest animal species that still exist to this day. This national park is comprised of three big islands – Padar Island, Komodo Island and Rinca Island – as well as several smaller islands. The rich wildlife here extends far beyond the Komodo dragon, with an abundance of biodiversity that ranges the majestic Timor deer, turtles, dolphins and dugongs, as well as more than 1,000 species of tropical fish, sponges and corals. Komodo National Park diving is a popular activity due to the pristine waters of its beaches. You can explore the park’s islands and attractions with Komodo National Park tours and have an unforgettable experience.
Entry Fee: INR 1,083
Location: Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
Highlights: Diverse wildlife; Over 1,000 species of tropical fish, corals, and colorful sponges
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2. Bunaken National Marine Park
Throughout the large archipelago of Indonesia, the renowned Bunaken National Park sprawls across one of the densest areas on the planet for marine biodiversity. Lying on the depth of the sea, on the seabed is a very rich and thriving coral ecosystem, which includes the massive and impressive vertical coral wall inhabited by a wide variety of corals, mollusks and sponges. With those excellent features, the park has at least 20 popular diving points with varying depths, difficulty levels, and highlights. Beyond the deep blue sea, the beauty of this famous national park expands to the land, with tall and majestic coconut and palm trees, and several endemic species of macaque, bear cuscus, and even wild deer. If you want to witness natural beauty on land and in the sea, you should definitely make visiting this national park a part of your list of must-see places in Indonesia.
Entry Fee: INR 250
Location: North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Highlights: An impressive population of corals, mollusks and sponges; Superb diving spots for first-time and experienced divers
3. Tanjung Puting National Park
Located deep in Borneo, one of the most prominent lungs in the world, this area is home to the lovable orangutan primates, as well as a number of other peculiar native species such as the pitcher plant, pythons and the bearded pig. With an area of 416,000 hectares, the park consists of forests, mangroves, swamps and even a coastal beach. All these give you a wide range of flora and fauna to discover. Apart from being a renowned ecotourism destination, the park also houses conservation facilities and research centers for orangutans. When it comes to national parks in Indonesia, Tanjung Puting National Park is one that you should not miss visiting during your stay.
Location: Teluk Pulai, West Kotawaringin Regency, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia
Highlights: A large orangutan population; Great place to spot the bearded pig, python and other species native to the country
4. Kerinci Seblat National Park
This is a very large and picturesque national park that spans four provinces in Sumatra. It also includes Mount Kerinci, the second highest volcano peak in Indonesia. Wildlife thrives in Kerinci Seblat National Park due to the unspoiled nature, making it a home to a wide range of peculiar species not seen anywhere else in the world. The park is also called home by more than 4,000 plant species, including the world’s tallest flower, Titan arum, and also the largest flower, Rafflesia Arnoldi. The area is also the natural habitat of protected wild species of rhinoceroses, tigers and birds. This is a fascinating place to visit when you are in Indonesia, so make sure that you do not miss it.
Entry Fee: INR 731
Location: Koto Renah, Sungai Penuh City, Jambi, Indonesia
Highlights: Home to the world’s tallest flower and largest flower; Mount Kerinci
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5. Ujung Kulon National Park
The massive Krakatoa explosion that took place in 1883 wiped out villages, which in turn resulted in people fleeing the area. The explosion happened in the area that now makes up the Ujung Kulon National Park, allowing the peninsula to make a home for a wide range of flora and fauna. People returned to the area decades later, but only to observe and preserve the vibrant and diverse wildlife in the lowland rainforest. The park includes the peninsula area at the westernmost point of Java, the Krakatoa islets, and a number of small nearby islands. This is a well-protected national park which is home to many rare and endangered species of plants and animals, including the silvery gibbon, iconic one-horned rhinoceros, Java mouse-deer, and many more.
Entry Fee: INR 750
Location: Banten, Indonesia
Highlights: Home to a number of endangered plant and animal species
6. Lorentz National Park
A UNESCO World Heritage Site, this park is situated between Timika and Agats in Papau. At 6.2 million acres (2.5 million hectares), Lorentz National Park is the largest protected area in Southeast Asia. The vast expanses of the park encompass lowland wetlands and tropical marine environment, as well as the highest mountain in Indonesia, Puncak Jaya, capped with permanent ice fields. Reaching 16,024 feet (4,884 meters), the mountain is the tallest peak between the Andes and the Himalayas, and one of only three equatorial glaciers in the world. The biodiversity of the park supports rare animals. This is also a region where you can find many isolated tribes, including the Asmat (Komoro, Sempan), Amungme, Mimika, Ngalik, Nduga, Somohai and Western Dani. This is one of the best national parks in Indonesia and a must-visit when you are in the country.
Entry Fee: INR 731
Location: Papua Province, Indonesia
Highlights: Southeast Asia’s highest peak; Home to isolated tribes
7. Wakatobi National Marine Park
Known as an underwater paradise in the heart of the Asia-Pacific Coral Triangle, Wakatobi National Park is known for having the highest number of fish and reef species in the world. It is said to have 942 species of fish and 750 species of coral reef from a total of 850 of the world’s collection. Because of its magnificent underwater life, the park is quickly gaining worldwide attention for its quality dives that are ideal for beginners as well as experienced divers. Apart from diving, you can enjoy the beauty of its many breathtaking beaches and see different types of turtles, if you are fortunate. If you visit the park in November, you can see sperm whales majestically swimming in the pristine waters. Bird watchers can also have a great time in Wakatobi as it is home to famous bird species like Cerek Melayu and Kingfisher Eurasia. If you want to visit paradise on earth, you should definitely take a trip to this amazing park.
Entry Fee: INR 731
Location: Regency of Wakatobi, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia
Highlights: Superb diving spots; Sperm whales and a variety of turtles
8. Gunung Leuser National Park
Yet another UNESCO World Heritage site, Gunung Leuser National Park is one of the gems of Indonesia. It is the tropical rainforest heritage of the country. Being the last place on earth where you can witness Orangutans in their originality, it offers 700 species of birds, animals and mammals, some of which are elephants, rhinos, tigers, leopard cats, and macaques. The park is located near Gunung Leuser peak which gives its the name. Apart from this, the park is also home to plant species comprising of world’s largest flowers. The park is a complete treat and a perfect spot for a soul-filling holiday experience.
Entry Fee: INR 731
Location: Taman Nasional Gunung Leuser, Kabupaten Langkat, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
Highlights: Orangutans, Sumatran Tigers, Sumatran Rhinoceros, variety of flora and fauna
National parks in Indonesia have much to offer visitors. They are home to numerous species of amazing wildlife, marine life and plants. These parks give you the opportunity to see spectacular sights not found anywhere else in the world. If you are on a trip in Indonesia , make sure to add these beautiful and famous national parks to your list of places to see during your stay.
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