An unexplored untouched terrain nestled between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea, the Caucasus Mountains are slowly gaining popularity among avid travelers. The area which lies in Western Asia and Eastern Europe consists of three countries which are Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia. Russia is also a part of this region but the above three nations have emerged strongly with their own identity after the Soviet Union was dissolved in 1991. Each country in the Caucasus region is unique in terms of natural beauty, landscape, culture, heritage, and traditions. A trip to this unchartered territory can be a delightful experience for any tourist who is interested in exploring new and unknown places.
Caucasus Mountains Facts
There are some things which are necessary to consider before you plan for a trip to the Caucasus Mountains. Let’s look at some important facts regarding the Caucasus Mountains.
- If you look at the Caucasus Mountains map, you will find that this region stands at the confluence of East and West. Technically, the area is a part of the Asian continent but the people and their lifestyle and also the architectural style is hugely influenced by the West, mainly Europe.
- Even with the recent political disruptions in the area, the entire region is very safe for tourists, so you can have a lovely stay here without worrying about safety issues.
- Caucasus Mountains people are known for being warm and friendly. Georgian hospitality is such that you will want to visit the place again n again just for that. Georgian cuisine has some of the healthiest and tastiest dishes on the food platter. The region is also famous for its vineyards and Kakheti which falls in Georgia deserves a special mention which is worth a visit.
- There is a special mention of the Caucasus Mountains in the Bible where it is referred to as the place where Gog, an angelic prince who will initiate the events of ‘end of days’, will reside. The scriptures say that this wild and untamed place with uneven topography and deep gorges looks as if it has just emerged out of the Old Testament.
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Best Time To Visit Caucasus Mountains
The best time to visit the area is from mid-May to July and September to October. It is an ideal time to enjoy the beautiful spring colors blooming everywhere along with the spectacular landscapes. If you are fond of winter sports, then you can also plan a trip in the winter months, but remember, it is not an ideal season for walking or hiking.
How to Reach Caucasus Mountains
Georgia’s capital, Tbilisi, is conveniently connected by air to all the major parts of the world. If you are traveling from India, then you need to get a flight ticket for Tbilisi. The travel time is a minimum of 12 hours with one stop flights. One thing to note here is that if you are an Indian passport holder, then you can get an e-visa to all the three countries. If you already have a visa permit for either Canada/ EU/USA/Australia, then you don’t need any separate permit to enter Georgia.
Things To Do In Caucasus Mountains
Wondering what to do once you’re there? Well, we have listed below some exciting activities that draw travelers to these mountains from far and wide, and that you can indulge in as well!
1. Spend some days at Georgia’s capital Tbilisi
You can spend some wonderful time at this lively and picturesque city where there is a perfect combination of modern suave and old world charm. The place is full of museums, parks, churches and monuments and the best way to cover the whole city is by walking tours. If you are looking for some offbeat activities to do in Tbilisi, then you must visit this old Soviet sewing factory which has now been converted into a creative space along with a swanky cafe where you can spend a night too. You can check out the local markets for authentic Georgian handicrafts, fresh produce and some of the most lip-smacking local snacks. A must-try on this list would be Georgian snickers (churchkhela), Khinchi, Shotis Puri, sulguni, Khachapuri and many more. The city has several eateries which serve vegetarian fare too.
Tbilisi is oozing with ancient history and charm and the best place to get the feel of the Caucasus Mountains people and their lifestyle is to visit the open-air museum of Ethnography. It houses all the interesting facts and stories about the different tribes belonging to the region. The city has on display some most modern architectural marvels such as the Bridge of Peace, Public Services Hall, Exhibition hall and Music Theatre.
2. Relax at the sulfur baths at Abanotubani
After a tiring tour of the city, you can head to famous sulfur baths that are known for their medicinal and healing properties. This natural jacuzzi is sure to refresh and revitalize your senses. Other than this, there are a number of places in Georgia where you can plan day trips from Tbilisi like Sighnaghi, Mtskheta, Kakheti, and Kazbegi to name a few. There are many walking and hiking trails too for the adventurous traveler.
3. Revel in the natural beauty and history of Yerevan, Armenia
In terms Caucasus Mountains locations, Armenia is the second stop in the trip. You can enter Armenia via Georgia. The capital city of Armenia, Yerevan is a place where you will feel like spending some tranquil and peaceful time. The pink houses, blooming flowers, wide boulevards, and slanting roofs give the whole place a typical European feel. There are many vibrant streets, cafes, museums, and markets which gives this city a distinct appeal and charm. It is said that the best way to explore a place is on foot and that stands true for Yerevan. Go to Republic square or spend some time at the city’s ancient neighborhood called Kond.
The Cafesjian Museum of Art is something not to be missed because of its different style of architecture and also for the arts and artifacts displayed there. The view of Mount Ararat from the top of the cascade will be unforgettable. Shop for Caucasus carpets at Vernissage market, taste Lavash, a local delicacy and drink water from pulpulak, drinking water fountains which date back to the 1500s.
The city boasts of over 500 open-air cafes which are just perfect to relax and unwind when you get tired after walking down the city.
4. Explore the quaint town of Sheki in Azerbaijan
For going to Azerbaijan, you will have to travel back to Georgia as the borders are closed between the other two countries. The most charming place in this small nation is Sheki, a small town which can be reached via Sighnaghi in Georgia. The place is fabled for Sheki Khan’s opulent and grand palace buildings adorned with intricate miniature paintings and awesome stained glass art called Shebeke. There are many walking and hiking trails and Kis is one such place worth mentioning because of its breathtaking stone church. You can also try Piti, the country’s most famous local dish served with bread on the sides. The place is just 300 km from the capital city of Azerbaijan, Baku.
Places To Stay In Caucasus Mountains
Looking for the most comfortable place to stay in your budget? We got you a range of options offering impeccable services in pocket-friendly rates.
1. Karvansaray Hotel, Sheki
This is by far one of the most authentic Caravanserais which were constructed for the travelers of the old silk route of Central Asia. The place dates back to the early 19th century and staying here is guaranteed to give you a thrilling experience because of the interesting construction and history associated with it.
Location: Mirza Fatali Akhundzada Sheki
Starting price: INR 2200 per night on twin sharing basis
2. Museum Hotel Orbeliani, Tbilisi
This historic hotel is located near the river in the old Dzveli area of Tbilisi. The place is an apt combination of heritage style construction and modern facilities for a comfortable stay. The hotel houses some unique and interesting collection of art and artifacts and hence the name Museum. Earlier a residence belonging to one of the affluent aristocratic family, the hotel is just perfect for spending some days in Tbilisi.
Location: 8-10 Vakhtang Orbeliani street, Tbilisi, Georgia
Starting price: INR 13000 per night twin sharing
3. Best Western Congress Hotel, Yerevan
Located in the heart of the city, this hotel has all the facilities to offer for a luxurious stay right from spacious rooms equipped with all amenities to a beautiful garden, swimming pool and sun loungers. The place has a wonderful spa complete with sauna, steam and hot tub. The location is one of the best as all the major attractions are situated close by.
Location: 1, Italy Street, Yerevan
Starting price: INR 4500 twin sharing
The countries in the Caucasus Mountains region were not so popular on the world tourist map until recently. This is the reason why the place is still full of virgin offbeat locales which will leave you mesmerized with its alluring beauty and magnificent natural surroundings. Contact TravelTriangle today to help you in each step to plan your trip, and prepare for a holiday of a lifetime! Don’t forget to write to us about your experience when you’re back!
Frequently Asked Questions About Caucasus Mountains
Q. Why are the Caucasus Mountains important?
A. They are important as they play the role of distinguishing between Asia and Europe.
Q. Is Caucasus in Europe or Asia?
A. It is in Europe.
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